Yan Wenliang (1893-1990) Tiger Hill Pagoda
Lot 814
Yan Wenliang (1893-1990) Tiger Hill Pagoda
HK$ 300,000 - 500,000
US$ 39,000 - 65,000
Lot Details
Yan Wenliang (1893-1990)
Tiger Hill Pagoda
Oil on canvas, framed and glazed
Signed Yan Wenliang in Chinese, with one painted seal of the artist
30.5cm x 55.5cm (12in x 21¾in).

Footnotes

  • Provenance: formerly in a Shanghainese private collection

    顏文樑 虎丘塔 油彩畫布 鏡框

    簽名:顏文樑
    自繪印:梁

    來源:上海私人舊藏

    出生於江蘇蘇州的顏文樑,是中國著名的油畫家和美術教育家。他自幼受到父親顏元(亦任伯年之弟子)的熏陶,學習中國畫,十八歲考入上海商務印書館作技術生,後學習西畫。1922年,他創立了蘇州美術專科學校,為中國最早期成立的美術學府之一,後任中央美術學院華東分院副院長和中國美術家協會上海分會副主席等職務。

    顏文樑於1928年,在徐悲鴻的鼓勵下,進入巴黎國立高等美術學校學習油畫三年。隔年,粉彩畫〈廚房〉獲得法國春季沙龍榮譽奬。留學期間,他節衣縮食,購置並運回希臘羅馬與文藝復興諸多時期的著名石膏像近五百座,加上圖書萬餘冊,對後來中國各大美術學院的教學,產生了深遠和正面的影響。

    回國後的60餘年,顏文樑從未間斷對油畫創作的熱情。他的作品結合了歐洲印象派豐富的色彩變化和中國傳統文化的優美,畫風寫實,頗富詩韻。徐悲鴻稱其藝「精微幽深」,並贊其為中國之梅索尼埃(Ernest Meissonier ,1815-1891)。(參見劉安華編輯,《顏文樑》,上海人民美術出版社,1985年。)

    風光清麗,景色怡人的虎丘,自古以來就是旅遊勝地,也是顏文樑喜愛的題材之一。宋代詩人蘇東坡曾說過「不到虎丘山,枉遊姑蘇城」。早在1922年,顏文樑就開始捕捉虎阜早春之姿,並於1964年開始創作題名〈虎丘〉之系列油畫。(依序參見林文霞記錄整理,《顏文樑:現代美術家畫論 · 作品 · 生平》, 學林出版社,上海,1982年,圖片11和83。)

    此幅拍品〈虎丘塔〉呈現綠意盎然,古蹟眾多的虎丘,以及聳立於山嶺之間,馳名中外的宋代古塔。顏文樑詳實描繪因塔墩基礎設計構造不完善等原因,自明代起就開始傾斜的虎丘塔尖,整體畫面精緻寫實、淳厚質樸。畫家細膩的筆觸不僅表現虎丘的清幽,也為蘇州古老的歷史留下見證。
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