Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings
Lot 708
Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings
Sold for HK$ 62,500 (US$ 8,057) inc. premium

Lot Details
Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings Wang Shi (17th Century) Erotic Paintings
Wang Shi (17th Century)
Erotic Paintings
Ink and colour on silk, album of ten leaves
Each inscribed, the first leaf with two seals of the artist
26.5cm x 22.5cm (10½in x 8¾in) each. (10)

Footnotes

  • Provenance: private collection, Hong Kong

    明末清初 王式 秘戲圖 設色絹本 冊頁十開

    款識:
    人生淂意須盡歡。
    俱懷逸興壯思飛。
    桃花盡日隨流水。
    已涼天氣未寒時。
    在地願為連理枝。
    楚腰纖細掌中輕。
    隔江猶唱後庭花。
    洞房昨夜停紅燭。
    侍兒扶起嬌無力。
    玉人何處教吹簫。
    鈐印: 王式之印、無倪

    題簽:王無倪秘戲圖。十頁□□
    藏印:畢、(一鈐)

    來源: 香港私人收藏

    註:王式,字無倪,長洲(今江蘇蘇州)人,一作太倉(今江蘇太倉)人,約活動於明萬曆、崇禎間,卒於清初。工細人物,宗宋元法。傳世作品有崇禎十六年(1643)作〈人物山水圖〉扇面,現藏四川省博物館;清順治十五年(1658)作〈西園雅集圖〉手卷,現藏四川省三蘇祠博物館,中國國家二級文物;清順治八年(1651)作〈焦遂五斗方卓然〉扇面,載俞劍華編《中國美術家人名辭典》,上海人民美術出版社,2006年,頁72。

    中國房中書的歷史可追溯至西漢。《漢書•藝文志•方技略》在「房中」標題之下錄有八部性典,可知兩漢時房中術被視為醫術之一,初時並未被視為猥褻之行。而東漢學者張衡(78-139)曾作五言詩《同聲歌》,其中有詩曰:「衣解巾粉御,列圖陳枕張。素女為我師,儀態盈萬方。眾夫所希見,天老教軒皇。樂莫斯夜樂,沒齒焉可忘!」由此證明,早在漢代時《素女經》及其它房中書就已經以插圖手抄本的形式存在。此後數百年,中國幾乎仍無性禁錮之苦楚,帶插圖的房中書廣為傳習。19世紀末法國考古學家伯希和於敦煌發現唐代詩人白行簡(776-826,白居易之季弟)所著《天地陰陽交歡大樂賦》(敦煌寫卷P2539號),其中亦有提及《素女經》的插圖本。

    一般認為,宋代程朱理學興盛,據男女有別之義,遂視房中一切皆為淫事,以房中術為誘淫之具,故而春宮畫在當時可能並不常見。然而明代學者楊慎(1488-1559)稱,該時期的職業藝術家畫有「春宵秘戲圖」。「秘戲圖」一詞成為當時描繪性行為的各種姿勢的畫冊、手卷的通稱。據說,元代畫家趙孟頫(1254-1322)也擅作春宮畫,明代小說《肉蒲團》中曾提到一套出自他手筆的三十六幅秘戲圖組成的套畫,這可能為杜撰之事,未見有真跡傳世。至明朝後半期,秘戲圖甚為普及,傳世作品中不少帶有明代大畫家仇英、唐寅之款,然多為偽作。

    此冊王式〈秘戲圖〉,筆觸圓熟,描繪細膩,設色尤見匠心,首頁鈐有畫家印章兩枚,難能可貴。其畫工水平雖在仇英、唐寅之下,但絕沒有清代中後期大多數春宮畫所帶有的粗俗。古畫之病常在缺少曲線美,而此冊之妙在於圓姿替月,盛裝豐容,且凡窗閣家具、博古擺設、花草景緻,皆求精美。畫中才子佳人,男則俊秀,女則美艷,其式雖多變化,但不違情理,和顏悅色現於紙上。冊中所繪多有出處,如「俱懷逸興壯思飛」之圖,俗稱「問影」,即出自《肉蒲團》第三回所述未央生以秘戲圖引誘學者之女玉香的故事。此冊共十頁,按圖中男主角,似可分為兩組,其一為年輕俊少,其二為壯年男子,而其女伴亦按組相對應。各個人物之間的關係,留待有心人探研之。

    參考資料:(荷蘭)高羅佩著、楊權譯《秘戲圖考》,編於《秘戲圖大觀》,金楓出版有限公司,台北,1994年。
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