Transparent, ruby-red, and colourless glass, suffused with air bubbles of various sizes and white flakes; with a flat lip and recessed flat foot surrounded by a protruding flat footrim; carved as a single overlay with a continuous rocky landscape scene with a pine tree and bamboo, in which a man smoking a pipe rides a camel towards two hunters, one with a dog on a lead, the other shooting an arrow at a goose flying overhead, with a single formalized cloud floating above the pine tree 1740-1790 Height: 7.94 cm Mouth/lip: 0.72/1.29 cm Stopper: jadeite; vinyl collar
Condition: Two bamboo leaves polished, as are the bowstrings and the pipe stem the man on the camel is smoking. General relative condition: good
Exhibited: Sydney L. Moss Ltd., London, October 1987 Creditanstalt, Vienna, May-June 1993
This bottle seems likely to date to the mid-Qianlong era, if the carving style of the bamboos is reliable evidence. The depth and three-dimensional quality of the carving, combined with the very thoughtful composition, are typical of the Qianlong era, but less likely for the Daoguang reign, to which it was previously ascribed.
The ground is the typical snowstorm so often used during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, and referred to in Chinese sources as 'lotus root powder' (oufen). There is no published material from the archives relating to this ground, unless it is the subject of the 1747 reference to 'speckled opaque white'. The magnificent dragon and fenghuang bottle in the J & J Collection (Moss, Graham, and Tsang 1993, no. 360) is one of the obviously early examples with a snowstorm ground, albeit a discreet one. In the light of our current research into glass we would now date it later than we did, perhaps as late as the early Qianlong era. We do not believe anything with this ground can now be dated with confidence to much earlier than the Qianlong reign.
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