An agate 'parrot' snuff bottle Official School, 1730–1850
Lot 136
An agate 'parrot' snuff bottle Official School, 1730–1850
Sold for HK$ 225,000 (US$ 29,027) inc. premium

Lot Details
An agate 'parrot' snuff bottle Official School, 1730–1850 An agate 'parrot' snuff bottle Official School, 1730–1850 An agate 'parrot' snuff bottle Official School, 1730–1850 An agate 'parrot' snuff bottle Official School, 1730–1850 An agate 'parrot' snuff bottle Official School, 1730–1850
An agate 'parrot' snuff bottle
Official School, 1730–1850
5.25cm high.

Footnotes

  • Treasury 2, no. 326

    瑪瑙巧雕鸚鵡鼻煙壺
    頒賜類,1730~1850

    An agate 'parrot' snuff bottle'

    Agate; very well hollowed, with a concave lip and recessed flat foot surrounded by a protruding rounded footrim; carved with a cameo design of a parrot in a blossoming tree, one narrow side with a low relief cameo design of two butterflies and a swirl of formalized clouds
    Attributable to the Stevens Deer Master, Official School, 1730–1850
    Height: 5.25 cm
    Mouth/lip: 0.61/2.22 cm
    Stopper: amethyst; vinyl collar

    Condition:
    Two chips, one to the foot of the parrot and one smaller to the tail; a crack through the tip of the prunus running from the base of the neck is a possible natural flaw; otherwise, workshop condition

    Provenance:
    Choulkas Collection
    Trojan Collection
    Robert Hall (1993)

    Published:
    Hall 1992, no. 45
    Kleiner 1995, no. 276
    JICSBS, Autumn 1997, p. 13
    Treasury 2, no. 326

    Exhibited:
    British Museum, London, June–October 1995
    Israel Museum, Jerusalem, July–November 1997

    There are as many reasons for attributing this bottle tentatively to Beijing as there are to Suzhou, for instance. This workshop seems to have been active during the mid-Qing period, when so many Official School bottles were made. For a lengthy exploration of the stylistic affiliations of this bottle, see the discussion under Treasury 2, no. 326.

    Although the blossoming tree here resembles a prunus, we believe that a peach tree may have been intended. The peach, like the prunus, can blossom before the leaves appear, and in a rather stylised rendition the two might be mistaken for each other. In most cases, parrots are represented together with peaches as dual longevity symbols, the parrot, which can live for up to a century, also being a symbol of long life.


    瑪瑙巧雕鸚鵡鼻煙壺

    瑪瑙; 掏膛非常規整,凹唇,平面斂底,突出圈足,圈足底呈方圓形;浮雕鸚鵡棲花樹,一側面有淺浮雕形式化的雲紋和兩隻蝴蝶
    推定為史蒂芬斯氏的琢鹿大師所治,頒賜類,1730–1850
    高﹕ 5.25 厘米
    口徑/唇徑: 0.61/2.22 厘米
    蓋﹕ 紫晶, 乙烯基座

    狀態敘述: 鸚鵡一腳及尾各呈一缺口,從頸底到樹梢延伸的裂隙或許是天然的瑕疵;此外,出坊狀態

    來源:
    Choulkas Collection
    特落伊珍藏
    羅伯特.霍爾 (1993)

    文獻﹕
    Hall 1992, 編號 45
    Kleiner 1995, 編號 276
    《國際中國鼻煙壺協會的學術期刊》, 1997年秋期,頁13
    Treasury 2, 編號 326

    展覽﹕
    大英博物館, 1995年6月~10月
    Israel Museum, 耶路撒冷,1997年7月~月11月

    廣意的頒賜類包括多種各別的小群,這些小群代表各別的手藝匠,也許也代表不同的作坊,甚至國內不同地方的工藝中心。 反應形式、用途相似要求的鼻煙壺小群之一就是浮巧雕潑墨大師的作品 (Treasury 2, 編號 319–325),而本壺則代表另一小群的作品,這類作品好像是一所作坊長期間不同水準的工匠的產品,可是作坊在吳門還是燕都,還是別的地區,就不得而知了。因為很多頒賜類煙壺是清朝中葉作的,我們推測這個作坊暢盛之期就在清朝中葉。

    我們把本雕匠稱為"史蒂芬斯氏琢鹿大師"是因為上世紀鼻煙壺界偉大人物之一,鮑勃.史蒂芬斯,曾珍愛了他作的一件煙壺;參見Stevens 1976, 編號584;該壺的反面是同書之編號1005。是件傑作,是頒賜類式帶蘇州芝亭風的坡石的,一正面有鹿,另一正面有兩隻喜鵲和梅花。Ford 1982, 編號 42、43 是類似的資料,相同的雕風。同一件也發表於 Moss 1971, 編號154,而同書的編號155跟那件一樣有荷葉的圖案,資料也是很像的。

    本壺的雕刻工藝大師採取了這一小群最喜歡的資料,他結合顏色、構圖、刀法等元素,用心雕出了雕刻術的出色作品。另外,這位大師最佳的作品也充滿立體感,不像很多浮雕鼻煙壺那樣不過是二維形象的兩層平面雕刻。還有,最佳作品中,壺身形式方面具有完善性和細節方面的精緻小巧,如本壺掏膛規整,頸部與底部雕工極為精巧。

    在這件煙壺上,樹的風格就是蘇州雕刻第一、二階段典型的風格,樹枝扭曲而具有立體感,花的規模大,花蕊和花瓣的大小比例也異乎尋常。作坊可能在蘇州,但它和芝亭流派(第二場拍賣會,拍賣品號 31)是風馬牛不相及的雕風。到現在,我們對蘇州煙壺雕琢藝術的了解都基於芝亭作坊的產品。本壺可能不是在蘇州作的而是另一個地方的雕工學會了一些蘇州技藝。

    Friedman 1990, 編號54 是一件風格上具有許多相似處的傑作,但從整體來看,好像是一般賜頒類的。 同收藏系列的編號51,在 Stevens 1976 發表為編號529,可能也是史蒂芬斯氏的琢鹿大師所治,但因為證據有限,很難確認是他作的。史蒂芬斯氏的琢鹿大師所治另一個作品發表在Hall 1990, 編號51。
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