A 'famille-verte' enamel on copper with gold 'European figures' snuff bottle Guangzhou, 1705–1718
Lot 13
A 'famille-verte' enamel on copper with gold 'European figures' snuff bottle Guangzhou, 1705–1718
Sold for HK$ 175,000 (US$ 22,580) inc. premium
Lot Details
A 'famille-verte' enamel on copper with gold 'European figures' snuff bottle
Guangzhou, 1705–1718
6.49cm high.

Footnotes

  • Treasury 6, no. 1124

    銅胎琺瑯西洋人物鼻煙壺
    廣州,1705~1718

    A 'famille-verte' enamelled copper 'European figures' snuff bottle

    Famille verte enamels on copper, with gold; with a flat lip and protruding flared, deeply concave foot surrounded by a flat footrim, and with a vertical ridge of metal dividing the bottle in two along the narrow sides and two loop handles at the shoulders; painted on each main side with a foliate panel with European figures: one panel featuring a bare-chested young boy covering his mouth with one hand and looking guilty while being held by a woman who seems to be raising something above her head with which to strike him, while two men look on, one reclining on a kang; the other panel showing a woman seated on the floor beside a low table set with a bowl of fruit, a lingzhi, and a vase containing a branch of coral, holding a fruit in her hand while a long-haired boy runs toward her, his hand outstretched, a small dog playing at his feet, with a folding screen behind them painted with a design of sunrise and turbulent waves framed with a formalized, floral-diaper design; the panels surrounded by a formalized, scrolling floral design, the outer foot with a similar design, the foot covered with white enamel; the interior bare metal; the exposed outer areas of metal with traces of original gilding

    Guangzhou, 1705–1718
    Height: 6.49 cm
    Mouth/lip: 0.90/1.12 cm
    Stopper: gilt bronze, of formalized floral design; glass finial

    Condition: Restoration on both of the narrow sides running along roughly two-thirds of each, with patches also painted out on the footrim; some natural wear from use; gilding mostly worn off. General relative condition: acceptable for so early an example

    Provenance:
    Sotheby's, London, 3 December 1997, lot 522
    Hugh Moss (HK) Ltd. (1998)

    Published:
    Treasury 6, no. 1124

    It is possible that enamelling on metal was introduced to Guangzhou a few years before it was established at the Beijing palace workshops, but since we cannot be certain of the exact date of introduction at either centre, all we can say for certain is that the art was introduced to both centres at some time during the first two decades of the eighteenth century and, in the case of Guangzhou, almost certainly prior to 1712. Evidence for the date comes from a small, rectangular panel painted with a Western woman in a landscape (Gillingham 1978, no. 13) that Moss examined closely and photographed many years ago. Many such panels were made in the early years of the Guangzhou workshops, partly for inlay into larger works of art such as furniture, but also because a flat panel was the simplest form on which to practise while mastering the art. Although one part of the panel decoration Moss examined was painted in pink, part of the newly introduced famille rose palette, the rest was painted in traditional famille verte enamels. The back was covered in a poorly controlled, dark, speckled, turquoise-blue enamel. The inscription found on the back is only partly legible due to this poor control of the medium, but part of it is clearly a date. Gillingham's catalogue entry is silent on the matter, but the second character of the two-character cyclical date is legible as chen; the first is only partly legible, but is likely to be ren. The renchen year corresponds to 1712. The previous cyclical date ending in chen is gengchen, corresponding to 1700; this is not entirely out of the question as a date for the object, but it is difficult to reconcile what is legible of the first character with geng. The next cyclical ending in chen comes twelve years later, of course, in 1724, but we know that by this time the new palette of enamels was fully incorporated at Guangzhou and the art had been perfected to a level far beyond that exhibited by this experimental panel. If we accept the most likely date of the panel as 1712, the introduction of the art form took place at time prior to that date. How long prior to 1712 is uncertain; if there were only one workshop established in Guangzhou when this panel was produced, we might assume that it was the product of a very early phase in the introduction of the art and conclude that enamelling began around 1711 or 1712; however, there may have been other workshops already at more advanced stages of development.


    銅胎五彩西洋人物鼻煙壺

    銅胎五彩,黃金;平唇,高平底圈足外撇,壺身兩半接縫有金屬棱,集附耳; 腹部兩正面有瓣形開光,中繪西洋人物,開光外畫卷枝葉紋,底塗以白色琺瑯,內壁全露胎,外壁露胎處殘餘鎏金的痕跡
    廣州,1705–1718
    高﹕ 6.49 厘米
    口徑/唇徑: 0.90/1.12 厘米
    蓋﹕ 鎏金青銅,飾形式化的殳花紋,玻璃頂飾

    狀態敘述: 兩側面約三分之二已修復,圈足也呈塗掉的地方,因歲月的使那呈點磨損,鎏金多半磨掉了。一般性相對的狀態:就那麼舊的煙壺來說,可以接受

    來源:
    倫敦蘇富比,1997年12月3日,拍賣品號 522
    Hugh Moss (HK) Ltd. (1998)

    文獻﹕
    Treasury 6, 編號 1124

    關於琺瑯彩技術引進廣州的定期問題,請參閱本壺的英文說明。
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first HKD800,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from HKD800,001 to HKD1,000,000 of the Hammer Price
12% on the excess over HKD1,000,000 of the Hammer Price.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.