A crystal 'eight-reale' coin snuff bottle 1781–1830
Lot 104
A crystal 'eight-reale' coin snuff bottle 1781–1830
Sold for HK$ 62,500 (US$ 8,062) inc. premium
Lot Details
A crystal 'eight-reale' coin snuff bottle
1781–1830
5.2cm high.

Footnotes

  • Treasury 2, no. 238

    水晶八里亞爾銀幣鼻煙壺

    A crystal eight-reale coin snuff bottle

    Crystal; well hollowed, with a flat lip and concave foot surrounded by a rounded footrim intersected by the fluting of the narrow sides and base; carved on the two main sides with the obverse and reverse of a Mexican eight-reale coin bearing the head of Charles III of Spain encircled by the legend CAROLUS•III•DEI•GRATIA•1781• , the reverse with the Spanish coat of arms and the continued legend HISPAN•ET IND•RE•M•8R•F•F
    1781–1830
    Height: 5.2 cm
    Mouth/lip: 0.53/1.70 cm
    Stopper: jadeite; silver collar

    Condition: Natural flaw in the crystal running through neck; a small line or tiny chip in one side of the bottle towards the base, one even smaller on the other side, possibly both natural flaws; nibbles around inner lip; otherwise, workshop condition

    Provenance:
    Gerd Lester (1986)

    Published:
    Treasury 2, no. 238

    The coin most popularly copied onto snuff bottles was the Spanish eight-reale piece minted in Mexico City, the mint indicated by the letter 'M' with a small letter 'o' above it as an abbreviation for Mexico. Of the known early coin bottles, almost all of them reproduce coins minted in Mexico during the reigns of Charles III (1760-1788) or his son, Charles IV (1788-1808). From both the background of the currency and the dates on the bottles copying it, we can be fairly certain that the production of these coin bottles began during the last fifteen years of the nineteenth century and that their popularity peaked around the turn of the century.

    The earliest possible date for this example, for obvious reasons, is 1781, but it is highly unlikely that a coin fresh from the mint would find its way into a Chinese lapidary workshop in China in the same year.

    For further information on the coins copied and the group in general, see Moss, Graham, and Tsang 1993, p. 633, a glass overlay bottle, and Moss 1971, pp. 75 -- 78, and for another example in crystal of similar form and copying either the same coin, or one of the same year, Stevens 1976, no. 459. In the same publication, no. 467 is a crystal bottle with a copy of a Maria Theresa thaler of 1765, a coin that was less frequently copied onto snuff bottles. Another Maria Theresa thaler, in aragonite, is illustrated by Lawrence 1996, no. 31. A crystal example of the Charles III coin without the lobed body is illustrated in Jutheau 1980, p. 111, no. 7, as is another, but copying a Charles IV coin of 1789 is Sin, Hui, and Kwong 1996, no. 215, and there is an example in orange quartz or quartzite, which is an alternative but rarer variant to the crystal examples, in Geng and Zhao 1992, no. 328.

    For a reproduction of a sample coin dated 1790 and for a reference to further information on these coin bottles, see no. 336.

    水晶八里亞爾銀幣鼻煙壺

    水晶;掏膛徹底,平唇,凹底,圓棱圈足;正反兩面雕墨西哥鑄八里爾銀幣形,一面有卡洛斯三世像,注明CAROLUS•III•DEI•GRATIA•1781• 文字,反面雕大力神的雙柱,其中間有西班牙的盾徽,又注明HISPAN•ET IND•RE•M•8R•F•F文字
    1781–1830
    高﹕ 5.2 厘米
    口徑/唇徑: 0.53/1.70 厘米
    蓋﹕ 翡翠; 銀座

    狀態敘述:穿頸部有天然的瑕疵,靠近底部呈細線或者微乎其微的缺口,反面有更小的,都可能是天然的瑕疵,唇內緣呈咬痕;此外,出坊狀態

    來源:
    Gerd Lester (1986)

    文獻﹕
    Treasury 2, 編號 238

    已知的早期銀幣模範鼻煙壺,大多數是仿照墨西哥廠鑄造的卡洛斯三世、四世雙柱幣。八里爾的是幣紋鼻煙壺最受歡迎的模樣。周圍的文字的意思是﹕"蒙神之恩,卡羅勒斯三世為西班牙及印度群島之王"。反面的徽章中間有三朵百合花,盾形又分四欄,斜角對稱有兩種相同圖案,即一隻立獅和一座城堡;前者代表亞拉岡王國,後者代表卡斯提王國。盾上有皇冠,盾左右各列一海格立斯柱,柱身飾帶繞裹,在本壺的圖案中是非常簡化的。

    參閱 Moss, Graham, and Tsang 1993, 頁 633 (玻璃套料鼻煙壺壺),及 Moss 1971, 頁 75 – 78。仿效同年的雙柱幣的水晶鼻煙壺,見Stevens 1976, 編號 459. 同書編號 467 是以瑪利亞.蒂雷莎1765年的塔勒為範本的水晶鼻煙壺,霰石作的有Lawrence 1996, 編號 31。另見Jutheau 1980,頁 111, 編號 7;冼祖謙、許建勳、鄺溥銘 1996, 編號 215; 耿寶昌,趙炳驊 1992, 編號 328等。
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