HENRY VIII'S NAVY – THE ANTHONY ROLL. Thomas Kerrich's "Abstract of Mr Pepys's Abstract of Anthony Anthony's Navy Royall of England: composed A.D. 1546", 1782
Lot 75
HENRY VIII'S NAVY – THE ANTHONY ROLL. Thomas Kerrich's "Abstract of Mr Pepys's Abstract of Anthony Anthony's Navy Royall of England: composed A.D. 1546", 1782
Sold for £1,000 (US$ 1,632) inc. premium

Lot Details
HENRY VIII'S NAVY – THE ANTHONY ROLL
Thomas Kerrich's "Abstract of Mr Pepys's Abstract of Anthony Anthony's Navy Royall of England: composed A.D. 1546", drawn from the three vellum rolls presented to Henry VIII in 1546 by Anthony Anthony of the Ordnance Office at the Tower of London, comprising finely-executed watercolours by Kerrich after Anthony showing "Shyppes", "Galliasses", "Pynnasses" and "Roo-Baergys", comprising: (i) "The Harry Grace a Dieu" (the end of one pennant and stern of the tender running onto the verso of the preceding leaf); (ii) "The George"; (iii) "The Galie Subtile"; (iv) "The Graunde Masterys"; (v) "The Dragon"; (vi) "The Phawcon" and "The Hare"; (vii) "The Double Rose" and "The Portquillice"; and (viii) "Mary-Jamys" (captions for this last left unfinished), 13 pages, each window-mounted, comprising 8 drawings, and 5 pages of titles, captions and text, some light foxing, red morocco by A. Beardsall of Northampton, ticket of the Tudor Exhibition, London, 1889-90 (when presumably the leaves were separated and the volume bound), 4to, 1782 [after the original drawings of 1546]

Footnotes


  • AN EMINENT ANTIQUARY AND ARTIST'S RECORD OF SHIPS IN HENRY VIII'S NAVY. The artist responsible for these antiquarian copies, Thomas Kerrich (1748-1828), had shown precocious artistic talent but, having been advised by Hogarth that the profession was overcrowded, embarked on an academic and antiquarian career instead, graduating from Magdalene College, Cambridge, and becoming a fellow in 1775, later becoming University Librarian. Himself a keen collector, he became 'involved in many of the great projects of the infant discipline of art history' (Pamela Tudor-Craig, ODNB). The unparalleled importance of the famous Anthony Roll lies in the fact that it is the only fully illustrated record of the navy during the Tudor period (see Ann Payne, 'An Artistic Survey' in The Anthony Roll of Henry VIII's Navy: Pepys Library 2991 and British Library Additional MS 22047 with related documents, edited by C.S. Knighton and David M. Loades, 2000, p.25).

    It originally comprised three rolls. The first and third of these were given by Charles II to Samuel Pepys, then engaged on a history of the Royal Navy. Pepys cut them up and bound them into a single volume, now in the Pepys Library at Magdalene; having inserted abstracts and a table between the two rolls (these being the ones referred to by Kerrich in the present manuscript). The second roll, which when the others were given to Pepys had been temporarily mislaid, eventually found its way into what is now the British Library. For a full account see Knighton and Loades, op. cit.. In our manuscript, Kerrich prefaces his final drawing with the note: "N.B. – That the Galliasse Part of the foregoing Abstract & Draughts, was taken from the Originall Roll there resting in the K's Library at St James's, lent to Mr Pepys by his friend Mr Thynn Library-Keeper there: As the other 2 were from the Originall Rolls, given to Mr Pepys by K Charles the 2d – Now preserved in the Pepsyian Library in Magdalen College Cambridge. 1782. T.K.".

    Our manuscript was included in the Exhibition of the Royal House of Tudor, largely curated by George Scharf, held at the New Gallery in 1890, appearing in the catalogue as item 1264: '"An abstract of Mr Pepys' abstract of Anthony Anthony's Navy Royall of England." A copy of 1782, with coloured drawing of ships, including the "Henry Grace a Dieu." Lent by Miss Hartshorne' (the antiquary Charles Henry Hartshorne had married Kerrich's daughter Frances). The original of the Anthony Roll in the Pepys Library of course was not and never will be, under the terms of the foundation bequest, available for loan.
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