Cromwell (Oliver) document signed
Lot 42
CROMWELL (OLIVER) Document signed as Lord Protector ("Oliver P" at head), to the Commissioners of the Admiralty, 1657
Sold for £4,750 (US$ 7,983) inc. premium
Lot Details
Document signed as Lord Protector ("Oliver P" at head), to the Commissioners of the Admiralty, ordering that two ships be supplied "for the levies under the Comand of the Lord George ffleetwood for the Service of the Kinge of Sweden, to Lister Deepe in Holsten, at such tyme and tymes, as the Lord George ffleetwood shall require the same", one page, light browning in places but nevertheless an attractive document, 4to, "Given under our hand at White Hall the 12th day of November 1657"


  • George Fleetwood was a soldier in the Swedish service who had married one of Queen Christina's ladies-in-waiting, and was created a baron four days before her abdication. His younger brother was the general Charles, Cromwell's son-in-law, while his second cousin and namesake was the regicide; both men being given peerages by Cromwell. From 1655 to 1660 the Fleetwood of our document was Swedish Envoy-Extraordinary in London, working for a confederation between Carl Gustav and the English republic during the Dano-Swedish War. On 10 November Cromwell had signed a warrant empowering the English commissioners to treat with those of Sweden. However at this period by no means all his time at Whitehall was taken up with business, and he absented himself from Council. For on 11 November and succeeding days elaborate festivities at Whitehall were held to celebrate the marriage of his daughter Frances to Robert, Lord Rich; at which, it is said, the Lord Protector's behaviour was particularly ebullient. No reference to our document is made by Abbott.

Saleroom notices

  • The illustration to this lot is incorrectly labelled as lot 42 on page 29 of the printed catalogue.
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