BANKING – CLAYTON & MORRIS PAPERS. Collection of letters from the papers of the bankers Clayton & Morris, comprising an autograph letter by Frances Teresa Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, 'La Belle Stuart', etc, 1667-1688
Lot 16
BANKING – CLAYTON & MORRIS PAPERS. Collection of letters from the papers of the bankers Clayton & Morris, comprising an autograph letter by Frances Teresa Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, 'La Belle Stuart', etc, 1667-1688
Sold for £2,125 (US$ 3,609) inc. premium
Lot Details
BANKING – CLAYTON & MORRIS PAPERS
Collection of letters from the papers of the bankers Clayton & Morris, comprising an autograph letter by Frances Teresa Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, 'La Belle Stuart', to Sir Robert Clayton, asking for the return of a unicorn horn taken by her sister-in-law ("...I am told that my sister O Brien has taken away the Unecorns horn, I suppose you lett her have it only to look on whereby to satisfy her curiosity, & that you will send for it againe...") and offering if necessary to buy it "as it was prized", docketed 1673; with other letters to Clayton or his partners by the ironmaster and East India merchant Sir John Lewys [1670], Lady Abergavenny (1679), Fernando Davys in Enniskillen (1678), John Fowke of Leghorn (1688, about slave deaths, sales of buffalo hides and disturbances in Algiers) and John Hancock, agent for Clayton Morris in Gloucester (1667); plus a letter by Anne Foley, née North, of the ironmaster family to her brother Francis North, Lord Chief Justice [1674-76] ("...we are all extremely pleased the children may go to my mother who seartainly is the best Governes... the plate and chene is sent up but tis best not to unpack the chene till Mrs Lane coms because twill be hard for any elce to doe it without breaking tis put up by selfe in the least box..."); address panels, 8 pages, 'Clayton MSS' stamps and the usual typed identifying dockets, minor browning, dust-staining, repairs etc., folio and small 4to, 1667-1688

Footnotes

  • BRITANNIA AND THE UNICORN: Frances, Duchess of Richmond, 'La Belle Stuart', is famous as being the reputed model for Britannia as first figured on British coinage, featured on the reverse of the copper coins struck by Roettier in 1672. The equally emblematic unicorn's horn referred to by her was almost certainly a narwhal tusk. Frances had married, considerably to Charles II's displeasure, the Duke of Richmond in 1667, "my sister O Brien" being the Duke's sister, Lady Catherine O'Brien. When Richmond died in 1672, his titles and estates reverted to the Crown; although Charles II, by then reconciled to Frances, allowed her to use the Lennox estates for life. Frances and her sister-in-law were in dispute over ownership of Cobham Hall, which was resolved in 1677 when Frances sold her life interest to Lady Catherine; presumably it was here that the much "prized" unicorn horn was housed. The banking business established by Sir Robert Clayton with his partner John Morris at the Restoration 'initiated changes which were to make their bank the largest private enterprise catering to landowners for at least the next forty years' (ODNB), and the Clayton & Morris Papers form in their scattered state 'the earliest and largest of all the archives of private banking in England' (F.T. Melton, Sir Robert Clayton and the Origins of English Deposit Banking 1658-1685, 1986, p.7).
Activities
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine, Coins & Medals and Motor Cars and Motorcycles:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first £50,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from £50,001 to £1,000,000 the Hammer Price
12% from £1,000,001 of the Hammer Price

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

Payment in advance: by cash, check with banker's card, credit card, bank draft or traveler's cheque.

Payment at collection: by credit or debit card.

Credit card charges: a surcharge of 2% is applicable when using Mastercard, Visa and overseas debit cards.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Contacts
  1. Simon Roberts
    Specialist - Books, Maps, Manuscripts and Historical Photographs
    Bonhams
    Work
    Montpelier Street
    London, United Kingdom SW7 1HH
    Work +44 20 7393 3828
    FaxFax: +44 20 7393 3879