MILITARY – ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE AND NAPOLEON'S INVASION THREAT. Collection of official papers, evidently compiled in about 1806 for Sir Harry Calvert
Lot 117
MILITARY – ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE and NAPOLEON'S INVASION THREAT. Collection of official papers, evidently compiled in about 1806 for Sir Harry Calvert
Sold for £1,125 (US$ 1,890) inc. premium
Lot Details
MILITARY – ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE and NAPOLEON'S INVASION THREAT
Collection of official papers, evidently compiled in about 1806 for Sir Harry Calvert, Adjutant General to the Forces, recording the state of the British land and sea forces during Napoleon's recent threatened invasion of the United Kingdom, in over twenty large gatherings tied uniformly with green ribbon but on varying stocks of paper, including papers such as: "Report for the Defence of the Capital/ Septr 1801" (on paper watermarked 1803); "Précis of General Dundas's paper on Invasion/ Decr 1796"; several files on the ships available to defend the country and annoy the coasts of the enemy in 1795 and 1798; memorandum from Frederick, Duke of York of 1804 (paper watermarked 1805); Horse Guards memo of 1806 (watermarked 1805); paper docketed "Memorandum for the Consideration of The Cabinet on the Cast Defences from Dover to Beachy Head" (opening "Upon the Design manifested by Bonaparte of concentrating his Whole Flotilla Force at Boulogne..."), returns of ships and troops, etc., several hundred pages, green ties, some dust-staining (especially to outer leaves), folio, [c.1806]

Footnotes

  • This group of papers appears to have been collected by Sir Harry Calvert (1763-1826), who had served on the staff of the Duke of York (represented by several documents in this collection) and who acted as Adjutant-General of the Forces between 9 January 1799 and 1820. One gathering bears several dockets made by him in pencil, one of which is signed ("Harry Calvert A.G.") and two dated 17 March 1806; with another noting of a document that it "was not in the original Paper". The papers range in their original date between about 1795 and 1806, and are mostly on paper watermarked with the date 1805, the bulk of these official transcripts appearing to date from the following year. In their preparation (some having wide blank margins for annotation, etc.), they have been drawn up in the manner typical of a military secretariat, such as the Adjutant-General's office. The French threatened invasion of England, first mooted in 1795, had in fact been called off before Trafalgar, when it ceased to be in any sense a practicality: and indeed the present collection has a retrospective tinge, as if Calvert were collecting papers so that they army and navy could benefit from lessons learnt during the recent invasion scare.

    These might well have been the papers used by Calvert's son, Sir Harry Verney of Claydon (Florence Nightingale's brother-in-law) in compiling the Journals and Correspondence of Sir H. Calvert, Bart. (1853), which comprise Calvert's Flanders journals, memoranda of a mission he made to Berlin plus 'early nineteenth-century anti-invasion measures of the United Kingdom' (ODNB).
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