AMERICA – EAST FLORIDA. Grant of 10,000 acres of land in East Florida to James Penman, being the certified copy bearing the Great Seal of the province, 1776
Lot 3
AMERICA – EAST FLORIDA. Grant of 10,000 acres of land in East Florida to James Penman, being the certified copy bearing the Great Seal of the province, 1776
Sold for £2,250 (US$ 3,781) inc. premium
Auction Details
Lot Details
AMERICA – EAST FLORIDA
Grant of 10,000 acres of land in East Florida to James Penman, being the certified copy bearing the Great Seal of the province, issued by Patrick Tonyn, Captain General and Governor in Chief, tied together with a map of the plot certified as an exact copy signed by Samuel Roworth, Deputy Surveyor General, 31 October 1776, and transcript of the King's grant; the seal attached to all three sheets by red tape, on paper, the largest sheet worn where folded, some dust-staining and creasing, etc., large oblong folio and folio, St Augustine, East Florida, 31 August 1776

Footnotes

  • East Florida had been created out of the southernmost lands of North America ceded by Spain under the Treaty of Paris (1763). Patrick Tonyn, the Governor responsible for issuing the present document, had arrived in the province in 1774, just as revolutionary sentiment was coming to a head. After the outbreak of war he issued, in November 1775, a proclamation inviting loyalist inhabitants from the rebelling northern colonies to emigrate, where for a ten-year period they would be eligible for land grants free of quit rent. James Penman, the recipient of the present grant, had in fact been residing in East Florida since 1766, and his quit rent is herein set at a halfpence per acre, granted on condition that Penman and his heirs "do settle the Land hereby Granted with Protestant white Inhabitants". The map attached to the documents shows his 10,000 acres comprising land to the west of Halifax River, including "High pine land with large Savannahs", "Cypris Swamp & deep ponds", "pine Land", "a Large Swamp", and a "pine ridge"; the swamp being shown as fringed with cedar and oak.

    Penman was a successful merchant and slave trader. He was later to establish the Jericho Plantation with part of the land from the present grant, combined with acreage from two adjoining properties. It was one of the earliest tracts developed in British East Florida, and was eventually sold by Penman in 1781 for £4,600 (see Florida History Online: Jericho/ Chichester).
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