COOK'S FIRST VOYAGE.
COOK, JAMES, AND JOHN HAWKESWORTH. An Account of the Voyages undertaken ... for making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere ... by Commodore Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret and Captain Cook ... drawn up From the Journals ... And from the papers of Joseph Banks. London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1773.
3 volumes. 4to (292 x 232 mm). , xxxvi, 676; xvi, 410; [vi], -800,  pp. Vol I "Directions for placing the cuts..." leaf bound at the end of vol 3. 51 engraved plates, maps and charts (41 folding, the 25 maps and charts with early hand-coloring, 22 of the plates with early manuscript titles added to margin beneath the image, some folding charts with early strengthening to folds), EXTRA-ILLUSTRATED with a duplicate of the folding engraved composite chart featuring "Fort Famine" bound at the start of Commodore Byron's account. Period calf gilt. Vol 3 final text leaf with void at lower outer corner and subsequently laid down at an early date, some general toning, occasional browning and offsetting to plates, bindings rebacked with original spines laid down.
Provenance: Thorold family of Syston Park, Lincolnshire (armorial bookplate in each volume, vol 1 inscribed on a front blank "First Impression").
HAND-COLORED SYSTON PARK COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION OF THE OFFICIAL ACCOUNT OF COOK'S FIRST VOYAGE 1768-1771. This set is an early issue of the first edition and as such does not include (or require) the large folding map of the Straits of Magellan, or the "Preface to the second edition" in which Hawkesworth responds to Alexander Dalrymple's criticisms. The Syston Park copy of the Second Voyage was sold by Christies New York in 2009 (Herz sale, December 9, lot 13). In addition to Cook's account, Hawkesworth also includes the most important of the official voyages which immediately preceded Cook: volume I contains the voyages of Byron, Carteret and Wallis, which includes the discovery of Tahiti. The remaining volumes are devoted to Cook's voyage, which was intended to be chiefly scientific in nature. "The expedition was to sail to Tahiti in order to observe the transit of Venus ... and also to carry on the geographical discovery that John Byron had started. Entering the Pacific around Cape Horn, Cook reached Tahiti in 1769 and carried out the necessary astronomical observations ... Leaving Tahiti in July, Cook discovered, named, and charted the Society Islands, and then, heading southwest, explored New Zealand ... then headed towards Australia and discovered and charted the eastern coast for 2,000 miles, naming the area New South Wales ... Both Australia and New Zealand were annexed by Britain as a result of this voyage which began in 1768 and ended in 1771" (Hill pp 277-8). Beddie 648; Hill (2004) 782; Holmes 5; Sabin 30934.