[BEATO, FELICE, and others.]
Album titled in manuscript "Photographic Views of Delhi & Lucknow ... Collected by W.J.H. in 1858, at Delhi," containing 16 images of Delhi and 15 of Lucknow, all by Felice Beato, each 9 x 11 inches, and 42 further images of various sizes by Pearson & Paterson, Robertson, Bourne, and Shepherd, albumen prints, interspersed with manuscript notes and maps by W.J.H., oblong folio, period half morocco, upper cover with paper label reading "Photographs of Delhi after the Mutiny; Supplement on the Relief of Lucknow, Illustrated London News, Jan. 1858." Binding rubbed, label slightly chipped.
Provenance: the Beatos purchased by W.J.H. in Delhi in 1858, the remainder "collected by Col. H. at a later time than 1858/59" (pencil and ink notes); album with ticket of S. & J. Fuller, Gallery of Fine Arts, Rathbone Place, London (which closed in 1862); with Maggs, December, 1959; thence by descent.
ASSEMBLED BY A WITNESS TO THE IMMEDIATE AFTERMATH OF THE INDIAN MUTINY.
Felice Beato [1832-1909] was one of the very first war photographers, and cut his teeth documenting the Crimean War in 1855-56, following closely in the footsteps of Roger Fenton. After a successful partnership there with James Robertson, Beato headed east, and arrived in India in the spring of 1858. There he found destructionthe result of the Indian Rebellion which had begun the year before with the uprising of Indian-born troops ("Sepoys") in the British East India Company. Beato's photographs were published in the Illustrated London News, and in 1860 he moved onto his next assignment, the Opium War in China.
The "W.J.H." who assembled this album remains tantalizingly unknown. His arrival in Delhi and Lucknow so soon after the Mutiny, his maps and notes (some of which mention asking officers about the conflict), and the title label on the album all imply he might have been a correspondent for the ILN, or perhaps one of its rivals. Many of W.J.H.'s tipped-in manuscript notes incorporate passages from Robert B. Minturn's From New York to Delhi (1858).
1. BEATO, FELICE. Delhi: The Great Breach at the Water Bastion, & the Cashmere Gate (2-part panorama, pencil annotation at upper left on recto and on verso); the Cashmere Gate; the Qutb Minar (2-part vertical panorama, with note by W.J.H. tipped in on facing page); view in the Chandni Chowk (with note); the Bank; the Palace (i.e. the Red Fort, with note "visited W.J.H. & J.H. 1858"); the Observatory (with note); the Jamma Masjid ("Visited 1858. John & I. W.J.H."; note); Hindoo Rao's House (with note); Tree beneath which the European Prisoners were Murdered, June 1857; Jhajjar Nawab's Mosque; Mosque near the Custom House Battery; Humayun's Tomb (with note); Banyan Tree by a canal near Kabul Gate; Lord Clyde, Sir Hope Grant, and General Mansfield; the Iron Pillar in the Qtub Minar complex (with note).
2. BEATO, FELICE. Lucknow: the Residency (note by W.J.H. from Carlisle's Round the World in 1870); view from the Residency (with note, and later annotations dated 1888); mine exploded in the Chattar Manzil; Secunderbagh, exterior view (with note and map); tomb of Asaf ud-Daula in the Bara Imambara (with note and map); mosque in the Bara Imambara (with note); Hussainabad Imambara (with note); Chattar Manzil and the King's Fish-Boat; Great Gate of the Kaiserbagh; King's Palace in the Kaiserbagh; Tomb of Saadat Ali Khan; interior of the Secunderbagh after its capture (with note); the Musa Bagh; the Martinière and Pillar; gate of the Jamma Masjid.
3. [PEARSON & PATERSON, attributed.] 5 views of the aftermath of the 1864 cyclone at Calcutta.
4. BOURNE, SHEPHERD, AND ROBERTSON. Simla (9, including Bourne nos 289, 74, 29, 67a, 10, 18, 428); Mussoorie (no 404); Landour (no 399); Murree (3); mountainous areas (14, including nos , , 277, 250, 261, 112, 181, 279, and 269); glacier (2, nos 263 and 245a); Cashmere (2, including no 853).
5. UNATTRIBUTED. 4 views of waterfalls near Mussoorie; view probably of Murree.
Loosely inserted or tipped in are a folding lithographed map of Delhi by H.L. Fraser dated September 1857, and a page from the Illustrated London News of January 16, 1858.