A pair of candlesticks, Queen Victoria
Lot 103
A pair of Victorian Royal Presentation candlesticks By Garrard's, London 1860, incused stamped to foot R & S Garrard, Panton St London
Sold for £5,625 (US$ 9,191) inc. premium

Lot Details
A pair of Victorian Royal Presentation candlesticks

Footnotes

  • For the original sticks by Charles Kandler, see cat 100 in Hartop, The Huguenot Legacy, English Silver 1680-1760 (London 1996). Garrards made the casting of replicas a little easier by omitting the openwork shoulders.

    Rear Admiral Joseph Denman (23 June 1810 – 26 November 1874) was a British naval officer, most noted for his actions against the slave trade as a commander of HMS Wanderer.

    In 1839 Denman took command of the West Africa Squadron's brig-sloop, HMS Wanderer.[3] On 5 April 1840, the Wanderer's boats seized the American slaver Eliza Davidson, which was subsequently condemned in British and Spanish Mixed Court of Justice at Sierra Leone. On 12 May, Denman took the Josephina, a Portuguese schooner fitted for the slave trade, as a prize. On 3 June, he took the schooner São Paolo de Loando as prize. On 9 June he took another schooner fitted for the slave trade, the Maria Rosaria. On 3 July he took the Pombinha, out of Havanah, and fitted for the slave trade; on 29 December 1842, a prize court awarded Wanderer's crew a tonnage bounty and moiety of proceeds for Pombinha.

    In 1840, while negotiating for the release of two Britons, Denman also negotiated a treaty abolishing the slave trade in the territory of the Gallinas, liberating 841 slaves. At the same time he destroyed the slave barracoons (large holding depots) on the banks of the river. The Admiralty initially praised his actions and promoted him to Captain in August 1841, and he left Wanderer on 23 August. Lord Palmerston stated, "Taking a wasp's nest...is more effective than catching the wasps one by one." However, the Spanish slavers sued him for damages. By 1842 the Admiralty had banned the anti-slavery squadron's policy of blockading rivers and the destruction of property.[4]

    On his return to England, Denman was on half-pay, awaiting the outcome of the court case. He was active, writing a manual for the squadron, called Instructions for the Guidance of Her Majesty's Naval Officers Employed in the Suppression of the Slave Trade, which was to be issued to every serving officer. Captain Joseph Denman has been described as one of the most successful and passionate officers to serve on the West Africa squadron and he has been credited with improving the efficiency of the squadron more than any other serving officer.[5] In 1848 the court reached a final decision in the case Buron vs. Denman, finding in Denman's favour.

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