An unusual and large Indian map of a fortified hill top fort, North Indian, early 19th century
Lot 260W
An unusual and large view of Kangra Fort and the surrounding villages and hamlets, against the background of the Dhaula Dhar mountains Kangra, first half of the 19th Century
Sold for £15,000 (US$ 25,197) inc. premium
Auction Details
Lot Details
An unusual and large view of Kangra Fort and the surrounding villages and hamlets, against the background of the Dhaula Dhar mountains
Kangra, first half of the 19th Century
pen and ink and gouache on paper, background with takri inscriptions of identification, framed
2260 x 628 mm.

Footnotes

  • Provenance: Collection of the late Linda York Leach (1942-2006).

    Drawings of this size are rare in Indian art and this view of Kangra is of particular interest as the region suffered a severe earthquake in 1905. The Kangra valley is noted for its beautiful landscape with rivers, forests and orchards dominated by the majestic Himalayas. The takri inscriptions name some of the surrounding villages and the confluence of the rivers Banganga and Manjhi. Maharaja Sansar Chand (1775-1823), the most important patron of miniatures at Kangra, took possesion of Kangra Fort by peaceful treaty in 1786 from the Sikh ruler Jai Singh Kanheya, in exchange for territorial concessions in the Punjab Hills. Kangra Fort remained the main court and royal residence until 1815 when lack of water forced the court to confine their residences to Sujanpur, Alampur and Nadaun.

    For further references see:

    M. S. Randhawa, Maharaja Sansar Chand, the Patron of Kangra Painting, Calcutta 1970.
    W. G. Archer, Indian Paintings from the Punjab Hills, London 1973, vol. I, pp. 244-252.
    See also Sotheby's, Fine Oriental Miniatures, Manuscripts and Qajar Paintings, 7th July 1975, lot 216.
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Contacts
  1. Matthew Thomas
    Specialist - Islamic and Indian Art
    Bonhams
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