An Ottoman printed Hajj certificate Turkey, late 19th Century
Lot 132
An Ottoman printed Hajj certificate Ottoman Empire, late 19th Century
Sold for £5,250 (US$ 8,824) inc. premium
Auction Details
Lot Details
An Ottoman printed Hajj certificate
Ottoman Empire, late 19th Century
printed image and text on paper in black and red, the central image of the Qa'ba and surrounding shrines at Mecca, Arabic identifying inscriptions in the central section, panel at lower centre with spaces for the pilgrim's name, those of the witnesses, and the date (AH 13--), verses from the Qur'an in the border, framed
504 x 400 mm.


  • The inscription at the top reads: This is the image of the house of Allah in Mecca the Glorious One. The border text consists of Qur'an, sura IX, verse 93, and sura XXII, verses 25-27.

    Printed certificates providing testimony that a person had performed the Hajj began to come into circulation around the middle of the 19th Century. This continued the existing practice of handwritten or partially block-printed versions. (See S. Aksoy & R. Milstein, 'A Collection of 13th Century Illustrated Hajj Certificates', in I. C. Schick (ed.), Ugur Derman Festschrift: papers presented on the occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday, Istanbul 2000, pp. 101-134). Three types of certificate are known: those giving testimony that someone had complete the hajj; those mentioning that a person had performed it on someone's behalf; and those bearing additional testimony that the grave of the Prophet in Medina had also been visited. The present lot is of the first type.

    For a manuscript certificate, dated AH 1192/AD 1778, and a printed version, dated AH 1331/AD 1912-13, see the catalogue of the current British Museum exhibition (Venetia Porter (ed.), Hajj: journey to the heart of Islam, London 2012, p. 32, fig. 8, and p. 197, fig. 144.
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