A Second World War Kt, Interwar C.B., Great War D.S.O., M.C. group of fifteen to Major General Sir F.Gwatkin, Indian Army,
Lot 168
A Second World War Kt, Interwar C.B., Great War D.S.O., M.C. group of fifteen to Major General Sir F.Gwatkin, Indian Army,
Sold for £4,800 (US$ 7,532) inc. premium

Lot Details
A Second World War Kt, Interwar C.B., Great War D.S.O., M.C. group of fifteen to Major General Sir F.Gwatkin, Indian Army,
Knight Bachelor's Badge, in silver-gilt and enamel; The Most Honourable Order of the Bath, C.B. Military Division, Companion's neck badge in silver-gilt and enamel; Distinguished Service Order, G.V.R. in silver-gilt and enamel; Military Cross, G.V.R.; 1914-15 Star (Capt.F.Gwatkin, 18/Lncrs.); British War and Victory Medal with MID Oakleaf (Maj.F.Gwatkin.); General Service 1918-62, one bar, Kurdistan (Major.F.Gwatkin.); Africa Star; War Medal; India Service Medal; Delhi Durbar 1911; Jubilee 1935; Coronation 1937; Belgium, Croix de Guerre. With corresponding miniatures and riband bar. With Four to Captain F.C.N.Gwatkin, Royal Deccan Horse, 1939-1945 Star; Burma Star; Defence Medal; War Medal. Four to A.W.Gwatkin, 19th Lancers, 1939-1945 Star; Burma Star; Defence Medal; War Medal. With two sets of miniatures for these two WW2 medal groups. Very fine or better. (Lot)

Footnotes

  • Kt. London Gazette 21.2.1942.

    C.B. London Gazette 8.7.1938.

    D.S.O. London Gazette 3.6.1919.

    For distinguished service in connection with military operations in Egypt.

    M.C. London Gazette 3.6.1918.

    M.I.D. London Gazette 5.6.1919.

    Belgium, Croix de Guerre. London Gazette 9.7.1918.

    Sold with warrants and statutes for the C.B. and D.S.O., certificate for the Belgium Croix de Guerre, and a copy photograph of him wearing medals as of 1935 period.

    Major General F.Gwatkin was born on 12.4.1885 at Murree, in Bengal; Second Lieutenant Unattached List 19.8.1903; Indian Army 19.12.1904; Lieutenant 19.11.1905; Captain 19.8.1912; Major 18th Lancers Indian Army 19.8.1918; At the end of the war he was appointed a General Staff Officer 2nd Grade on the 3rd October 1918, with the attendant promotion to Major. He relinquished that post on 20th February 1920, he also attended the Staff College at Quetta at about that time. His next role was that of Brigade Major, 2nd Indian Cavalry Brigade, which he assumed on the 1st March 1925. He transferred from that role to that as an Instructor at the Staff College, Quetta on the 1st January 1927. He left the Staff College on 14.1.1930 and assumed the command of the Royal Deccan Horse. He remained the Regiment's commanding officer until 4.8.1934, when he was promoted to the rank of Colonel. On the same date, he was appointed to command the 2nd (Sialkot) Indian Cavalry Brigade and granted the rank of Temporary Brigadier.

    In 1938 he attended the Imperial Defence College and was promoted to the rank of Major General, one of only 21 Officers of that rank in the Indian Army, on July 1938 he was transferred to the Semi-Effective List.

    His next post was on 14th April 1939, he came off the Semi-Effective List and appointed as the Military Advisor-in-Chief to the Indian State Forces. This role involved him working with these private armies that were under the control of the Princes that ruled the many independent states within British India. Most of the Princes had modelled their forces on the British India Army, and pledged their allegiance at times of war. The size and capability of these forces varied considerably, with states such as Gwalior, Hyderabad, and Jammu and Kashmir having the largest and better organised forces. With the outbreak of the Second World War, several battalions were deployed to Malaya, where they were captured with the fall of Singapore, and the Middle East.

    On the 2nd August 1939 he was appointed Colonel of his Regiment. He was Knighted at the Viceroy's House in New Delhi on 21st February 1942, and six days later, on the 27th February, he was promoted to Local Lieutenant General.

    He retired from the Indian Army on the 12th April 1943, having completed forty years service. He had two sons killed on the same day in Burma on the 14th March 1945. Lieutenant A.W.Gwatkin, 19th Lancers and Captain F.C.N.Gwatkin, Royal Deccan Horse. They are both buried in the Taukkyan War Cemetry in Burma. He relinquished the role of Colonel of the Royal Deccan Horse on the 1st September 1950, he died in 1969.
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