Portrait of Lady Juliana Penn (1729-1801), bust-length, in a white silk dress and a blue wrap pastel on paper, laid down on canvas 59.2 x 48.8cm (23 5/16 x 19 3/16in).
We are grateful to Neil Jeffares for endorsing the attribution to Katherine Read and identifying the present work with the one formerly in the Collection of the Earl of Ranfurly, 1899, sold at Christie's, London, 21 April 1929 (as by Hoare). The present work is after the pastel portrait by Katherine Read, originally in the Penn Family Collection, Pennsylvania Castle, Portland, and formerly with Historical Portraits, London.
In 1751 Lady Juliana Fermor, the fourth daughter of Thomas 2nd Earl of Pomfret and his wife Anna Maria, married Thomas Penn of Stoke Park, Buckinghamshire, son of William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania. Thomas Penn, after spending the years between 1732-41 in the Province, became effective ruler of the state on the death of his older brother.
In 1763, Lady Juliana, a well known philanthropist of her time, donated a collection of books and globes to the library of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, which was later was renamed The Juliana Library Company in her honour.