LADVOCAT, PIERRE-FRANCOIS. 1791-1854
Le Champ-d'Asile ou carte des établissements fondés dans l'Amerique septentrionale par les Réfugiés Français d'abord au Texas, et actuellemt. au Tombechbé. Dessinée par Ladvocat d'après les matériux qui ont été envoyés par un des principaux Colons. Paris: chez Ladvocat, .
Engraved map, 350 x 530 mm (sheet size). Old folds, creased, some soiling, one repaired tear into the image area, one worm hole.
AN EARLY MAP OF TEXAS, RECALLING AN ABORTIVE BONAPARTIST ATTEMPT AT EMPIRE BUILDING FOR FRANCE. This map was published as the frontispiece to Hartmann & Millard's Le Texas, ou notice historique sur le Champ d'Asile (Paris: Béguin, 1819). "Although Champ d'Asile, a colony of Bonapartist refugees founded on the Trinity River in 1818, endured barely six months, its impact on the future of Texas was strong. The concern aroused among United States and Spanish diplomats over this intrusion into disputed territory caused two immediate results. United States pressure forced pirate Jean Lafitte and his men, who had assisted the French colonists, to leave Galveston. And French presence at Champ d'Asile precipitated the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819, which eliminated the Neutral Ground agreement and established the Sabine River as the Louisiana-Texas boundary and the border between the United States and New Spain" (Texas State Historical Association).
"Lallemand, in founding Champ d'Asile near present-day Liberty, intended to start a massive French colony which might ultimately begin a movement to win the throne of Mexico for Joseph Bonaparte. The group of about 150 colonists landed at Galveston on January 14, 1818, and sailed up the Trinity River on March 20 to build their colony. Attempts were made to make peace with Jean Laffite, whose pirate band was then operating out of Galveston. When the Spanish governor of Texas sent a force against the colonists, they abandoned the settlement in late July and retreated to Galveston. They were saved from starvation by Laffite, who helped them get to New Orleans. Although attempts were made to renew the colony, the project languished" (Basic Texas Books 85).