JEFFERYS, THOMAS. 1719-1771.
The American Atlas: or, a geographical description of the whole continent of America: wherein are delineated at large its several regions, countries, states, and islands; and chiefly the British Colonies. London: Printed and sold by R. Sayer and J. Bennett, 1776.
Folio (550 x 400 mm). Letterpress title and index leaf, otherwise engraved throughout. 23 engraved maps on 30 sheets (1 single page, 11 double-page, 18 folding), all hand-colored in outline, all mounted on guards. Period half calf over marbled paper-covered boards. Light soiling to margins of title, occasional pale spotting or toning, closed tear to left-hand sheet of map 9, binding well-worn with covers detached. Condition reports of individual maps available on request, but generally quite clean and completely unsophisticated.
Provenance: Estate of Philip M. and Marian G. Raup.
ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT 18TH-CENTURY ATLASES OF THE AMERICAS, OFFERING THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE, DETAILED AND ACCURATE SURVEY OF THE AMERICAN COLONIES AT THE BEGINNING OF THE REVOLUTION: "as a major cartographic reference work it was, very likely, consulted by American, English, and French civilian administrators and military officers during the Revolution" (Ristow). Jefferys' position as Geographer to the King gave him unparalleled access to the latest surveys of the American colonies. From about 1750 onwards he published what were recognized as being the some of the most accurate maps of their time--a number were used for official purposes (boundary disputes, etc.). After Jefferys' death in November 1771, his business passed to Robert Sayer and John Bennett, who, in 1775, issued (for the first time) all Jefferys' separately-issued maps in atlas form under the umbrella title The American Atlas. In this, the second edition, the publishers made a couple of significant changes: in place of Jefferys' The Middle British Colonies they included A New Map of the Province of Quebec, and a 1776 issue of Samuel Holland's The Provinces of New York and New Jersey. Howes J-81; Phillips Atlases 1165 and 1166; Sabin 35953; Streeter sale 72 (1775 edition); see Walter Ristow (editor) Thomas Jefferys The American Atlas London 1776, Amsterdam 1974.
The maps are as follows (the numbering follows that used in the "Index to the maps," the measurements refer to the sheet sizethis is approximate if the map is on more than one sheet):
1,2,3. Braddock Meade (alias John Green). A Chart of North and South America, including the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Published 10 June 1775. Six sheets joined into three, approx. 1420 x 1145 mm overall. A spectacular wall map of the Americas and beyond: a rival to and improvement on Delisle and Buache's 1752 map of the Pacific Northwest. Stevens & Tree 4(d).
4. Imperial Academy of St. Petersburg. The Russian Discoveries. Published March 2nd 1775. One sheet, 550 x 750 mm.
5,6. Thomas Pownall after E. Bowen. A New and Correct map of North America, with the West India Islands. Published 15th February, 1777. Four sheets joined into two, 1055 x 1210 mm. This map incorporates borders and other geo-political matters decided by the first treaty of Paris drawn up at the end of the French and Indian War. Pownall adapted Bowen's 1755 "North America" map for this purpose. Stevens & Tree 49(f).
7. Thomas Jefferys. North America from the French of Mr. D'Anville, Improved with the English Surveys Made since the Peace. Published 10 June 1775. One sheet, 550 x 742 mm. Stevens & Tree 51(c).
8. Samuel Dunn. A Map of the British Empire in North America. Published 17 August 1776. 1/2 sheet, 550 x 370 mm. Stevens & Tree 53(b).
9. Thomas Jefferys. An Exact Chart of the River St. Laurence from Fort Frontenac to the Island of Anticosti. Published 25 May 1775. Two sheets joined into one, 640 x 1000 mm. Stevens & Tree 76(d).
10. Sayer & Bennett. A Chart of the Gulf of St. Laurence. Published 25th March 1775. One sheet, 748 x 550 inches.
11. Capt. Samuel Holland. A Map of the Island of St. John in the Gulf of St. Laurence. Published 6 April 1775. One sheet, 550 x 745 mm.
12. James Cook & Michael Lane. A General Chart of the Island of Newfoundland. Published 10th May 1775. One sheet, 550 x 744 mm. Cook's exemplary survey work bought him to the attention of the Admiralty and led to his appointment as Captain of the Endeavour for her famous series of Pacific voyages.
13. James Cook and others. A Chart of the Banks of Newfoundland. Published 25 March 1775. One sheet, 550 x 750 mm.
14. Thomas Jefferys. A New Map of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island with the Adjacent Parts of New England and Canada. Published 15 June 1775. One sheet, 550 x 740 mm. This map, first published in 1755, had "proved to be important in evaluating respective French and English claims to this part of North America" (Ristow). Stevens & Tree 66(c).
15,16. Braddock Meade (alias John Green.) A Map of the Most Inhabited Part of New England. Published November 29, 1774. Four sheets joined into two, 1075 x 1030 mm. Stevens & Tree 33(e). "The most detailed and informative pre-Revolutionary map of New England" (New England Prospect, 13).
17. Capt. Samuel Holland. The Provinces of New York and New Jersey, with Part of Pensilvania. Published 17 August 1776. Three insets: "A plan of the City of New York," "A chart of the Mouth of Hudson's River from Sandy Hook to New York," and "A Plan of Amboy with its environs." Two sheets joined, 550 x 1380 mm. Drawn by Samuel Holland, this large-scale map of the Provinces of New York and New Jersey is one of the most important large-scale maps of the area, the detailed insets add to its interest and importance. Stevens & Tree 44(d).
18. William Brassier. "A Survey of Lake Champlain, including Lake George, Crown Point and St.John." Published 5 August 1776. Single sheet 740 x 550 mm. Some light offsetting. The second state of Brassier's detailed map of Lake Champlain: this state is preferred because it has been updated to include some details the Battle of Valcour Island, which took place near present-day Plattsburgh, New York, on October 11, 1776. Stevens & Tree 25(b).
19. Captain Carver and others. A New Map of the Province of Quebec, according to the Royal Proclamation, of the 7th of October 1763. from the French Surveys Connected with those made after the War, by Captain Carver, and Other Officers. Published 16 February 1776. One sheet, 550 x 740 mm. Stevens & Tree 73(a).
20. William Scull. A Map of Pennsylvania Exhibiting not only the Improved Parts of the Province but also its Extensive Frontiers. Published 10 June 1775. Two sheets joined, 748 x 1380 mm. Some light offsetting to recto. The western frontier of the Province of Pennsylvania is here included on a published map or the first time. Rumsey 0346.022
21, 22. Joshua Fry & Peter Jefferson. A Map of the Most Inhabited Part of Virginia, containing the Whole Province of Maryland ... 1775. Four sheets joined into two, 950 x 1280 mm. "The basic cartographical document of Virginia in the eighteenth century" (Verner). Stevens & Tree 87(f).
23, 24. Henry Mouzon. An Accurate Map of North and South Carolina with their Indian Frontiers. Published May 30, 1775. Four sheets joined into two, 1060 x 1430 mm. "The chief type map for [the Carolinas] during the forty or fifty years following its publication" (Cumming 450). Stevens & Tree 11(a).
25. Thomas Jefferys. The Coast of West Florida and Louisiana ... The Peninsula and Gulf of Florida. Published 20 Feby. 1775. Two sheets joined into one, 550 x 1270 mm. Compiled from the surveys carried out after Florida became an English possession as a result of the terms of the 1763 Treaty of Paris. Stevens & Tree 26(a).
26. Lt. Ross. Course of the Mississipi ... Taken on an Expedition to the Illinois, in the latter end of the Year 1765. Published 1 June 1775. Two sheets joined into one, 550 x 1170 mm. The first large-scale map of the Mississippi, also the first to be based (even in part) on English surveys. Stevens & Tree 31(b).
27. Thomas Jefferys. The Bay of Honduras. Published 20 February 1775. One sheet, 550 x 740 mm.
28, 29. J.B.B. D'Anville. A Map of South America. Published 20 September 1775. Four sheets joined into two, 1070 x 1225 mm.
30. Cruz Cano and others. A Chart of the Straits of Magellan. Published 1 July 1775. One sheet, 550 x 735 mm.