BARBADOSCOURTEN, SIR WILLIAM. 1572-1636.
Manuscript Document in Latin and English signed by Sir William Courten and his son William Courten, 1 p, oblong folio, [England?], 29 April 1636, being an acknowledgment of a debt owed by the Courtens to "Daniell Harbie," with three witness signatures, docketed on the verso. Old folds, section of lower right corner torn away, light soiling.
SIGNATURE OF THE FOUNDER AND FINANCER OF THE FIRST COLONY ON BARBADOS. Courten's fortune was founded on the cloth-trade, by the 1620s he was lending money to the crown and was knighted in 1622. In 1625, one of Courten's trading vessels, the Olive Blossom, arrived in Barbados. The Spanish had more-or-less ignored the island, and Courten (with permission from the crown) went ahead and claimed the island for England. The first large scale colony, of 1,850 people was established by Courten in early 1627/8.