NEW SPAINENRIQUEZ DE ALMANZA, MARTIN. D. 1583.
Manuscript Document, Signed as Viceroy of New Spain, 1 p, small folio, n.p., 1572, in Spanish. Old folds.
RARE DOCUMENT SIGNED BY THE FOURTH VICEROY OF NEW SPAIN. Enriquez de Almanza was a very successful Viceroy and King Philip II rewarded him by making him Viceroy of Peru. Having been chosen as Viceroy by the Consejo de Indias in 1568, Enriquez de Almanza's first action upon arrival in New Spain was to dislodge the English pirates from their base on the Isla de Sacrificios. After arriving in Mexico City, he took steps to end the unrest left by the previous president of the Real Audiencia, Alonso Muñoz. Enríquez de Almanza also acted as a mediator between the bishops and the religious orders operating in New Spain over a dispute about who controlled the individual parishes. In 1570 the Viceroy led an expedition against the Indian tribes (or Huachichiles) that had been devastating the interior. He established presidios at Ojuelos and Portezuelos, as well as numerous towns, villages, colleges and convents. In 1573 he began the construction of the Cathedral of Mexico City.