Xie Shichen (1487-after 1567)  Travelers in the Mountain
Lot 710
Xie Shichen (1487-after 1567) Travelers in the Mountain
Sold for HK$ 1,040,000 (US$ 134,168) inc. premium

Lot Details
Xie Shichen (1487-after 1567)  Travelers in the Mountain
Property from Various Owners 以下拍品得自不同收藏家
Xie Shichen (1487-after 1567)
Travelers in the Mountain
Ink and color on silk, hanging scroll with Japanese mounting
Inscribed and signed Xie Shichen at the upper right, with two seals of the artist
Dated dingsi year (1557)
Together with a Japanese wooden storage box
152cm x 73.5cm (59¾in x 29in).

Footnotes

  • Provenace: purchased at Bonhams & Butterfields, San Francisco, 21 November 2005, lot 9268

    明 謝時臣 雪山行旅 設色絹本 立軸 一五五七年作

    款識:蘇郡謝時臣寫四景以贈,嘉靖丁巳(1557)。
    鈐印:謝氏思忠、嘉靖丁巳時臣年七十有一
    附日本製作之木盒

    來源:購自於舊金山邦瀚斯2005年11月21日拍賣,拍品9268號

    謝時臣(1487-1567後),號樗僊,蘇州人,是明代中期與文徵明同時的畫家,在晚明著名學者徐應秋所著《玉芝堂談薈》中被列為明代最有名的畫家之一,受到極高讚譽。謝時臣以「能畫屏幛大幅,有氣概」而著稱,其畫主要受沈周影響,兼取浙派戴進、吳偉的偉岸氣勢,所以古代畫論常稱謝時臣「得沈石田意而稍變」,「外兼戴吳二家派者也」。

    拍品710〈雪山行旅〉為謝時臣七十一歲時所作,推斷原本應為春夏秋冬一套四景,而此軸為四景中之冬景。畫面上,畫家用極富表現力的顫抖筆觸,描繪了雪後深山中一條驚險棧道,沿著陡峭的山勢蜿蜒而上。前景蒼天古樹負載厚重的積雪,三兩個路人,穿著蓑衣,戴著風帽,或騎馬或徒步,在雪山中緩緩前進。畫幅上部,險峻的山上,融雪生成的瀑流潺潺而下,一列馱滿貨物的驢隊,正小心翼翼地行走懸崖峭壁之間,遠遠地彷彿還可以聽見趕驢人揚鞭吆喝的聲音在山谷間迴響。遠處江面風帆點點,對岸古松傲雪挺立,一片白雪蒼茫。整幅畫面用筆凝重,佈局嚴謹,山石樹木均用墨筆渲染,峰頂、樹梢留白以示積雪,山深幽僻。然而靜中寓動,前景中行進的路人,懸崖峭壁處揚鞭的趕驢人和前行的驢隊,讓整幅畫面充滿生氣。山川樹泉雄奇幽險,人物點綴極其瀟灑,這幅兼具吳浙兩派特點、充滿力感的〈雪山行旅〉,堪稱是謝時臣頗具代表性的山水佳作。

    此幅畫軸為日本舊裝裱,可能與明代浙派山水畫流傳到鄰國日本並影響日本畫壇不無關聯。實際上,到了明代末期,吳派文人畫被尊為畫壇主流。而受到貶抑的浙派山水,則因其率意粗放的筆意和卓越的創造力,被舶載到日本,並融合日本原有禪畫所強調的筆墨特色與形式趣味,發展出另一種追求崎嶇奔放的繪畫意境。「外兼戴吳二家派」的謝時臣之山水藝術,也因而在日本畫壇重獲藝術的生命。(參見陳階晉〈略談浙派在日本的迴響〉,載自《追索浙派》,國立故宮博物院,台北,2008,頁234-243)
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