Wang Shimin (1592-1680) Stream, Mountain, Rain, Feeling (Landscape in the Manner of Huang Gongwang)
Lot 702
Wang Shimin (1592-1680) Stream, Mountain, Rain, Feeling (Landscape in the Manner of Huang Gongwang)
Sold for HK$ 11,860,000 (US$ 1,530,107) inc. premium

Lot Details
Wang Shimin (1592-1680) Stream Wang Shimin (1592-1680) Stream Wang Shimin (1592-1680) Stream, Mountain, Rain, Feeling (Landscape in the Manner of Huang Gongwang) Wang Shimin (1592-1680) Stream Wang Shimin (1592-1680) Stream, Mountain, Rain, Feeling (Landscape in the Manner of Huang Gongwang)
Property from an Important Australian Private Collection (lots 701-708) 澳洲重要私人收藏書畫(拍品701-708)
Wang Shimin (1592-1680)
Stream, Mountain, Rain, Feeling (Landscape in the Manner of Huang Gongwang)
Ink on paper, handscroll
Inscribed and signed Wang Shimin, with one seal of the artist and four seals of the collectors
Dated bingshen year (1656)
Frontispiece titled by Duan Yucai (1735-1815), dated gengwu year (1810)
Three colophons after the painting inscribed by Wang Shimin (1592-1680) dated bingshen year (1656), Zhao Wei (1746-1825) dated Jiaqing jiaxu year (1814), and Zhu Jin (19th century) dated Guangxu gengyin year (1890)
Frontispiece 21.5cm x 77cm (8½in x 30½in),
Painting 21.5cm x 439cm (8½in x 172¾in) and
Colophon 21.5cm x 107cm (8½in x 42¼in).

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Purchased from Professor Wei-ping Liu at the University of Sydney in 1962
    Private collection, Australia

    Exhibited:
    Chinese & Japanese Painting & Calligraphy, the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 23 September to 12 November 1995 (with the exhibition catalogue)
    Please the Eye, Cultivated the Mind: Chinese Painting from the Australian Private Collections, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 27 January to 7 March 2000 (with the Gallery's receipt)

    Published: 'Masters of the Dancing Brush', The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 February 2000, p.12s

    王時敏 擬黃公望溪山雨意圖 水墨紙本 手卷 一六五六年作
    段玉裁(1735-1815)題引首
    王時敏、趙魏(1746-1825)、朱溍(晚清)題跋尾

    款識:丙申(1656)長夏,養病西溪草堂。得觀子久〈溪山雨意〉卷,筆法古厚,深得巨然渾淪神理,此亦癡翁生平得意之作也。不覺技癢,偶撿舊紙,隨意點刷成數紙,筆滯腕弱,雖渾淪不足,荒率有餘,似具〈富春圖〉矩度,欣然成此長卷,於古人法門或不至望洋也。王時敏并識。
    鈐印:煙客
    藏印:秋藥珍藏、褚蒼書藏、稺臣審定、子涵珍賞

    引首:溪山雨意。秋藥先生出眎王奉常長卷真蹟,屬署其耑。庚午(1810)長至,段玉裁。
    鈐印:懋堂、經韻樓
    藏印:安吳朱氏家藏、朱溍印信、丁丑兵燹後得

    跋尾:
    〈王時敏〉
    此余丙申(1656)夏在西溪草堂養疴時,擬大癡老人〈溪山雨意圖〉也。忽忽二十三年矣,今為蒼書先生所得,出示屬題,如逢舊面,顧戀之情,不能自已。戊午(1678)秋日,西廬老人王時敏。
    鈐印:王時敏印、煙客
    藏印:稺臣所得名人真蹟
    〈趙魏〉
    王煙客畫有特慧,少時即與董玄宰、陳眉公揚榷畫理,多所啟發,故於宋元諸家無不研精兼擅,尤於一峰稱出藍妙手。是卷邱壑深邃,渲暈得法,肆而能醇,熟不病恬。披覽一過,墨氣猶覺濕潤可裛,洵繪林至寶也。秋藥先生囑題。嘉慶甲戌(1814)夏日,晉齋趙魏。
    鈐印:趙魏、竹崦庵
    〈朱溍〉
    畫自王右丞以氣韻生動為主,遂開南宗法派。北宋董巨集其大成,元黃子久宗之,能變其法,筆墨峻拔,如篆如籀,為元季四大家之冠。國初王煙客能傳大癡閫奧,法 備氣完,稱出藍妙手,此卷為奉常六十以後所作。故凡布置、設施、鉤勒、斫拂水暈,悉有根底,大家氣 [象],允宜獨冠本朝,非偶然也。光緒庚寅(1890) 四月,子涵朱溍識。「氣」字下脫「象」字,越日自檢又記。
    鈐印:溍印、子涵、朱中子、子涵、惟善以為寶、朱

    包手簽條:王煙客溪山雨意圖真蹟神品。戊寅(1938)冬仲上旬,泉唐胡氏重裝於滬上。

    來源:
    現藏家於1962年購自於悉尼大學教授劉渭平
    澳洲私人收藏

    展覽:
    Chinese & Japanese Painting & Calligraphy,澳洲新南威爾士美術館,1995年9月23日至11月12日(附展覽圖錄)
    Please the Eye, Cultivated the Mind: Chinese Painting from the Australian Private Collections,澳洲新南威爾士美術館,2000年1月27日至3月7日(附該美術館之展覽收據)

    出版:'Masters of the Dancing Brush',悉尼先驅早報,2000年2月5日,版頁12s

    王時敏作為「清初四王」之首,嫡傳董其昌衣缽,視南宗文人畫為「畫家正脈」,寄情山水,藉自然山川表現畫家淡泊寧靜、與世無爭的逸氣,抒發自己的「胸中丘壑」。在畫法上,以古法為宗,在倣古中出新,泛學董源、巨然和元四家(黃公望、吳鎮、王蒙、倪瓚),尤專意於黃公望。作品蒼潤俊秀,用筆含蓄,格調高雅。

    拍品702〈擬黃公望溪山雨意圖〉長卷,為王時敏六十五歲時所作精品,正值其藝術創作由中期(四十九歲至七十歲)轉向晚期(七十一歲至八十九歲)、畫風日趨成熟的重要時期。正如此畫中所見,此時的王時敏,倣古尤癡於黃公望,但同時也不廢諸家,如米芾、董巨和沈周等名家之技法亦可見諸於畫中;而另一方面,儘管畫中董其昌Y形山石畫法仍然零星可見,但總體而言,其作品中的董其昌因素已然減弱,畫法已趨向熔諸家於一爐,並開始注入王時敏自己的藝術追求。

    此卷為王時敏六十五歲時所作,當時王時敏早已隱居不仕,將家址遷至太倉城西十里之外的歸村,離群索居,專心繪事。這年夏日王時敏在西溪草堂休養期間,得見黃公望〈溪山雨意〉真跡,讚歎不已,不覺技癢,便創作了〈擬黃公望溪山雨意圖〉。有趣的是,黃公望原作〈溪山雨意〉卷長不過106.5公分(見附圖),而王時敏此卷卻長達439公分,恰如王時敏於上款所言「雖渾淪不足,荒率有餘,似具〈富春圖〉矩度,欣然成此長卷」,其卷長幾乎可與黃公望〈富春山居圖〉相提並論。清初四王中,王時敏傳世作品相對較少,如此長卷,更屬難得。

    巧合的是,時隔二十三年之後,此長卷由褚篆(1592-1688,字蒼書)所得。褚篆遂將此長卷出示給時年八十七歲的王時敏,王時敏見其舊作後感概不已,於是再題跋尾。

    自此之後,此長卷又先後由馬履泰、段玉裁、趙魏、朱溍、朱潜等多位名人雅士鑑藏,流傳有序。(見跋尾、引首和藏印)

    註:
    褚篆(1592-1688),字蒼書,蘇州人,明末清初著名文人。
    馬履泰(1746-1829),字叔安,號菽庵,又號秋藥,仁和(今杭州)人,載《墨林今話》、《清畫家詩史》。
    段玉裁(1735-1815),字若膺,號懋堂,江蘇金壇人,清代文字訓詁學家、經學家。
    趙魏(1746-1825),字晉齋,號錄森,齋名竹崦庵,仁和(今杭州)人,清代收藏家,家藏碑版幾多,載《墨林今話》、《清畫家詩史》、《清朝書畫家輯略》。
    朱溍,字子涵,清代藏書家朱學勤(1823-1875)次子。
    朱潜,字穉臣,安吴(安徽泾县)人,清末民初鑑賞家。

    附圖:
    Illustration:

    Huang Gongwang (1269-1354) Intimations of Rain Among Mountains and Streams (in the collection of the National Museum of China)
    黃公望 溪山雨意圖 水墨紙本 手卷 26.9cm x 106.5cm 中國國家博物館藏
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