Bear skull fossil
Lot 2121
Mounted Cave Bear Skull
Sold for US$ 4,750 inc. premium
Lot Details
Mounted Cave Bear Skull
Ursus spelaeus
Pleistocene
Russia

Cave bears inhabited Europe, Eastern Europe and parts of Asia until they went extinct at the end of the last Ice Age. As shown by the archaeological record, they were contemporaries of modern humans: many cave sites show signs of competition between cave bears and humans, as the two species battled for shelter for thousands of years. Evidence shows that both Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons hunted cave bears. In fact, scientists deduce that the demise of the cave bear may have been, in part, due to human hunting. Paleontological evidence indicates that Ursus spelaeus existed almost exclusively in Europe from approximately 300,000 to 10,000 years ago. Judging by its skeletal structure and depictions on cave walls by Ice Age humans, Ursus spelaeus resembled a brown bear or grizzly bear at first glance. But this prehistoric species was much larger on average and displayed a more domed head and a higher forehead profile. The body displayed a relatively long neck on a barrel-shaped torso, with limbs rather short but very powerful as compared to those of the living brown bear. The feet were armed with powerful claws that were relatively short compared to those of today's brown bear. The present specimen is from a sub-adult animal. It is nicely presented on a custom stand.
Measures 15 x 7.5 x 11in
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  1. Tom Lindgren
    Auction Administration - Natural History
    Bonhams
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