COPE, Sir JOHN (1690-1760, Lieutenant-General, Commander of the King's Forces in Scotland )
Autograph letters by Sir John Cope are extremely rare: none have been separately sold at auction in over thirty years or more. There is a paucity of knowledge about his life after his Court of Inquiry in 1746. He was defeated at the Battle of Prestonpans in 1745 and was the subject of the Jacobite song 'Hey, Johnnie Cope! are ye waukin yet?'
Lieutenant-General Fowke (1690-1765), having served with Cope as Brigadier-General at the Battle of Prestonpans, went on to be Governor of Gibraltar from 1753 to 1756. He was tried by Court Martial for not having sent reinforcements to Minorca, which was forced to surrender to the French in June 1756, and was sentenced to be suspended for nine months, but the King directed that he should be dismissed the service. For his part in this failure Admiral Byng paid with his life. Fowke was reinstated in his former rank in 1761 and died at Bath in 1765.