Zhang Daqian (1899-1983) Queen Mother of the West
Lot 630
Zhang Daqian (1899-1983) Queen Mother of the West
Sold for HK$ 3,600,000 (US$ 464,215) inc. premium

Lot Details
Zhang Daqian (1899-1983)
Queen Mother of the West
Ink and colour on paper, hanging scroll
Inscribed and signed Zhang Daqian with two seal of the artist
Dated jiashen year (1944)
Also signed by Zhang Yu with two seals
129cm x 63.5cm (50¾in x 25in).

Footnotes

  • 張大千 蟠桃獻壽圖 設色紙本 立軸 一九四五年作

    (大千)
    款識:蓬萊弱水三千里,金母蟠桃一萬年,鳳鳥自歌鸞自舞,直教銜到壽尊前。蕭母林太夫人六十大慶。甲申嘉平(農曆1944年12月,推算為公曆1945年初)張爰拜頌。
    鈐印:張爰私印、大千居士

    (张玉)
    款識:張玉補裙花。
    鈐印:張玉之印、比德

    1940年,張大千遠赴敦煌考古,唯因二兄張善子病逝而返重慶奔喪。1941年三月,張大千經過兩個多月的準備,除五名喇嘛之外,率子心智、侄心德、門生劉力上、蕭建初、孫宗慰,外加一廚二差,聯同食物、畫具載車七十八輛,浩浩蕩蕩再入敦煌,展開了他為期兩年六個月的敦煌壁畫潛修工作(參見:《張大千傳記資料》(二),台灣天一出版社,1979年,頁94;原載謝家孝「張大千與敦煌壁畫」,《大成》第三十二期,頁17)。1943年底,張大千的敦煌壁畫臨摹工作結束,完成摹作二百七十六件。1944年於成都、重慶舉行敦煌壁畫模本展覽,引起社會轟動。

    這件〈蟠桃獻壽圖〉創作於1944年嘉平月,正當張大千名聲大噪之時。作品中參用唐宋敦煌古法,生動描繪了西王母與蟠桃仙子帶著千年仙桃騰雲駕霧而來,是為「蕭母林太夫人」慶壽之作。

    其描繪之西王母,儀態端莊嫻雅而又富於動勢。眉目開面栩栩如生,先以淡墨勾畫五官輪廓,再借淡硃砂予以烘托。眼眶鼻樑利用赭石映襯明暗,額、鼻、下顎則用白粉加以暈染,古稱「三白」;硃砂點唇,再用洋紅分開。最難處實為鬢髮,濃墨細筆,以淡松煙墨層層渲染,色澤柔潤,清秀自然,真有從膚中生出之感。

    畫中人物的裙帶花紋,亦用敦煌唐人法繪成,色澤艷麗,描寫精細,筆致清潤而不刻板,乃張大千之侄張玉所畫。張玉,即張心德,教名彼得,又名比德,為張大千之四兄張文修之子,過繼給二兄張善子,為《大風堂同門錄》所記錄的六位親族中畫藝最高者,跟隨張大千多年,是張大千在敦煌研習壁畫期間最得力的助手。據張心慶(張大千與原配夫人曾慶榮之女兒)在其著作《我的父親張大千》(北京中華書局2010年出版,頁24)中描述,張心德「特別聰明勤奮,在繪畫上是我們張家唯一的繼承人。」可惜,1952年秋末張心德跟隨張大千遷往阿根廷期間,不幸病歿異鄉,令張大千傷感至極。因此,張大千與張心德合作的繪畫,傳世不多,更顯珍貴。除此幅畫作以外,據香港中文大學文物館1993年出版之《梅雲堂藏張大千畫》,其中高嶺梅先生所藏〈西園雅集圖〉亦有「張玉比德補裙花」款識和「張玉之印」、「比德」二鈐印(參見原書頁11A)。
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