A rare and finely carved soapstone figure of Pindola, by Yang Yuxuan Early Qing dynasty
Lot 366
A rare and finely carved 'shanbodong' figure of Pindola, by Yang Yuxuan Early Qing dynasty
Sold for HK$ 3,840,000 (US$ 495,465) inc. premium
Auction Details
Lot Details
Property from the Conner Prairie Museum, Indiana
A rare and finely carved 'shanbodong' figure of Pindola, by Yang Yuxuan
Early Qing dynasty
Exquisitely carved in the form of the 'tiger-taming' luohan depicted seated in a relaxed position with his right elbow leaning on the acquiescent beast, balancing a gnarled ruyi scepter, his left hand resting on his knee, holding a rosary, his face naturalistically rendered with intricate detailing, adorned in a loose monastic robe draped over his body, open at the neck, intricately etched at the hem with a foliate scroll, and inlaid with semi-precious stones, the underside showing the beast's feet, the reverse signed 'yuxuan', the stone of an attractive mottled beige colour, elaborate wood carved stand.
6.5cm long.

Footnotes

  • 清初 壽山善伯洞石雕伏虎羅漢坐像 陰刻「玉璇」草書款

    Provenance來源:
    Conner Prairie Museum, Indiana

    Yang Xuan, 'zi' name Yuxuan, was a native of Zhangpu in Fujian province. In the Jianpu provincial gazette, it is said that Yang Yuxuan particularly specialised in stone carving, especially figural carvings, animals and vessels, and that everyone wanted to acquire one of his works. In Min Xiaoji, Zhou Lianggong wrote of Yang Yuxuan: 'The excellence of his knife work is the equivalent of that done by supernatural beings'.

    A figure of Avalokitesvara by Yang Yuxuan in the Palace Museum, Beijing, illustrated by Yang Boda in Zhongguo Meishu Quanji. Diaosu Bian 6. Yuan Ming Qing Diaosu, 1988, pg. 143, pl. 154, is described, pg. 44-45, where the author points out that the style of carving the robes, and the cut of the knife itself, is exceptional, in that the cut is diagonal, as opposed to the perpendicular style of most Qing carvers, resulting in a more powerful, realistic effect.

    See also another closely related 'shanbodong' figure of Pindola by Yang Yuxuan, from the Q collection, to be sold in these rooms, 25 May 2011, lot 258.

    'Shanbodong' stone is found in the Shoushan mountainours region, in the river area near Doucheng pit. Legend has it that in the Xianfeng to Tongzhi period, a stone digger called Shanbo died there while digging, and that the stone was named after him.

    楊璿,字玉璇,清康熙人,原籍褔建漳浦,客福州。康熙《漳浦縣誌》載:「楊玉旋,善雕善山石,凡人物,禽獸、器皿俱極精巧,當事者爭延致之。」另周亮工《閩小記》云:「運刀之妙,如鬼工。」
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