A 'red jadeite' snuff bottle 1770–1850
Lot 23
A 'red jadeite' snuff bottle 1770–1850
Sold for HK$ 96,000 (US$ 12,375) inc. premium

Lot Details
A 'red jadeite' snuff bottle 1770–1850 A 'red jadeite' snuff bottle 1770–1850 A 'red jadeite' snuff bottle 1770–1850
A 'red jadeite' snuff bottle
1770–1850
5.94cm high.

Footnotes

  • Treasury 1, no. 171

    紅翡翠光素鼻煙壺

    A red jadeite snuff bottle

    ('The Lilla Perry Red Jade')

    Jadeite; extremely well hollowed, with a concave foot
    1770–1850
    Height: 5.94
    Mouth/lip: 1.31/2.18 cm
    Stopper: amber; tourmaline finial; vinyl collar

    Condition: Material: a series of natural flaws. Bottle: workshop condition. Stopper: the tourmaline finial was added after photographs for this sale were made

    Provenance:
    Lilla S. Perry
    Edmund F. Dwyer
    Christie's, London, 12 October 1987, lot 231

    Published:
    In Focus, Newsletter of the Gemological Institute of America (?), Winter 1985 – 1986, front cover
    Treasury 1, no. 171

    Commentary
    Jadeite tends to have greater transparency than nephrite and a range of spectacular colours that are not found in nephrite, such as emerald-green, lavender, lilac (see Sale 1, lot 32), and blue. There is also a red variety that closely resembles in colour the skin of the richer pebble-materials in nephrite, but it is the actual colour of the stone rather than a metamorphosis of the surface. Emerald-green jadeite, so highly valued for jewellery, owes its colour to the presence of chromium, which is also the colouring-agent in emeralds. The common term for jadeite in China from the late eighteenth century onwards was feicui, although there is some confusion over the term, since it was used earlier for a type of green nephrite from the traditional source in Chinese Turkestan.

    This bottle confirms the existence of red jadeite among the earliest identifiable
    group of jadeite bottles. Relations with Burma had been normalized in 1784, presumably opening up the borders for greater trade than could have occurred unofficially before that date, when relations between the two countries were strained if not bellicose. We also have the account of an eighteenth-century writer to confirm that by that time jadeite had become a very popular and highly valued alternative form of jade, whereas previously it had been considered as a kind of false jade of no great value (see Moss, Graham, and Tsang 1993, p. 122). Jadeite must have been known before the late Qianlong period in order for it be considered false jade, but it is unlikely that a whole series of superbly made bottles would have been produced before the change in attitude toward it. The most likely beginning of this production, therefore, would probably be the late eighteenth century, perhaps the last three decades, with production increasing after the establishment of official trade relations in 1784. That would accord with the reasonable range of well-made and often extremely well-hollowed jadeite bottles, many of which have very wide mouths, like this example. They would all fit comfortably into the time span from the late-Qianlong to the end of the Daoguang period, and their continued popularity during the latter reign is demonstrated in a portrait of the Daoguang emperor himself about to take snuff from a plain, presumably stone bottle with just such a wide mouth (Snuff Bottles of the Ch'ing Dynasty, p. 12).

    This is the only red jadeite bottle recorded with both virtuoso hollowing and a wide mouth that can unquestionably be associated with the earliest phase of popular jadeite snuff-bottle production. Other red jadeite bottles are known, although they are far rarer than their emerald- or apple-green counterparts, but most are no more than well hollowed and have normal-sized mouths. Red jadeite is very rarely red all over, and even when it is, the intensity of the colour varies considerably. It is more commonly found in association with areas of this dull, brownish grey-green colour and is frequently flawed, as is a great deal of exotically coloured jadeite in larger specimens. The use of the term 'red' is slightly euphemistic, since the colour is usually a bright russet reddish-brown colour rather than a true red. But it is red enough, and the colour is distinctive and well known among collectors of Qing jadeite, so it serves as a useful term.

    Apart from snuff bottles, other small carvings are known in the material, notably dragon-design belt buckles, but again, none is known that would be likely to predate the late eighteenth century, and most are probably nineteenth century.

    The virtuoso hollowing of this example is quite impressive. The depth of hollowing is 5.78 cm, while the overall height of the bottle is 5.94, leaving only 0.16 cm as the thickness of the foot, out of which the shallow concavity of the foot is taken.

    The use of the material is also imaginative, with the thin but intense area of red concentrated entirely on one side, leaving only a halo of the duller colour for the shoulders, neck. and a sliver of one side when viewed from the front. Formally, like so many of this group, it is a delight, with perfect symmetry applied to a generously plump form. The wide mouth makes an enormous difference to the appeal of these bottles when the stopper is out, which is a mode in which the original users would have seen the bottle far more often than perhaps we collectors do. It adds to the sense of generosity in the form and seems to suggest lavishness and largess: one can imagine the original owner freely doling out
    Larger-than-normal portions of snuff both for himself and for his friends. They are somehow rather more carefree than bottles with smaller mouths.

    紅翡翠光素鼻煙壺

    翡翠; 掏膛非常徹底, 凹底
    1770–1850
    高:5.94
    口經/唇經:1.31/2.18 厘米
    蓋: 琥珀; 碧璽頂飾; 乙烯基座

    狀態敘述: 質料: 一系列的天然瑕疵. 壺:出坊狀態。 蓋: 碧璽頂飾是本場拍賣會的照相拍好以後裝配的。

    來源:
    Lilla S. Perry
    Edmund F. Dwyer
    Christie's, London, 12 October 1987, 拍賣品號 231

    文獻:
    In Focus, Newsletter of the Gemological Institute of America (?), Winter 1985 – 1986, front cover
    Treasury 1, 編號 171

    說明
    本壺證明,最早的翡翠鼻煙壺中也有紅翡的。中國人本來不重視翡翠,緬甸曼德勒省莫谷鎮附近的寶石礦區和清朝有了正常的貿易關係以後幾年才會出現品質高的翡翠玉器。那就是乾隆晚年,正式的寶石貿易就沒有多少政治方面的阻礙了,翡翠在中國開始流行之後的事。本壺可以肯定地跟最早階段掏膛優秀、壺口較大的紅翡鼻煙壺出產有聯係的。

    本壺的掏膛成果佳妙出色。壺膛有5.78 厘米深,壺身有5.94 厘米高,只剩下 0.16 厘米厚的底,而還琢磨出底的凹形。


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