Mexico 1910 Centennial Gold Medal of Independence
Lot 1430
Mexico 1910 Centennial Gold Medal of Independence
Sold for US$ 7,312 inc. premium
Auction Details
Lot Details
Mexico 1910 Centennial Gold Medal of Independence
Diameter: 2 inches, weight: 118.6 grams, fineness: not stated. A gold medal struck in 1910 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the independence of Mexico from Spain. A green-gold, matte finish is presented on this example struck in very high relief. The obverse depicts a battle scene with 16 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1810 above; the reverse shows an ornate angel above three seated figures with CENTENARIO DE LA INDEPENDENCIA MEXICANA above and the date, 1910 below. A case is included but is not the original case of issue.


  • Mexico's Independence Day - September 16th

    In the early nineteenth century, Mexico, with a little influence from the US and France, began talking about a revolt against Spain. Father Miguel Hidalgo from Dolores, Mexico, was a leader of one of the rallying groups. Hidalgo and his officers were planning a revolt for late fall of 1810. The Spanish people found out about the revolt which led the Spanish Government to order the arrest of Hidalgo and his officers. When Hidalgo found out, he called a meeting at his church, and rang the church bell on the night of September 15, 1810 to call his congregation to mass. Here Father Hidalgo rallied the people to fight, giving the speech which is now known as 'Grito de Delores', saying "Viva Mexico" and "Viva la independencia!" These famous words have been remembered and are said each year at the Independence Day celebrations.

    Everyone fought together, including the Criollos (wealthy Mexicans of Spanish descent), Mestizos (children born from the marriage of a Spaniard and an Indian), and Indians. Armed with clubs, knives, stone slings, and ancient guns, they fought as they marched to Mexico City. A battle took place in Guanajuato between the Spanish soldiers and Hidalgo's followers. The army ransacked the town, killing the Spaniards, and continued to fight on their way to the capital. When they finally reached Mexico City, many of the resistors hesitated before going in to fight and some of them even disserted. Before the year was over Father Hidalgo was captured and executed. Some people continued to fight for the cause and Father Hidalgo's Grito de Delores (Cry of Delores) became the battle cry of the Mexican War of Independence. The people fought for eleven years before they finally won their freedom.

    Today Mexican Independence Day is a major celebration in Mexico and is bigger than Cinco de Mayo. The celebrating begins on September 15 (the eve of Independence Day) where crowds of people gather in the zocalos (town meeting place) of cities, towns, and villages. In Mexico City a huge square is decorated with flags, flowers and lights of red, white, and green. When the clock strikes 11 o'clock the crowd gets silent. On the last strike of eleven, the president of Mexico steps out on the palace balcony, and rings the historic liberty bell that Father Hidalgo rang to call the people. Then the president gives the Grito de Delores. He shouts "Viva Mexico" "Viva la independencia" and the crowd echoes back. People do this at the same time all across Mexico. The actual day of September 16 in Mexico is quite similar to July 4th in the United States.

Saleroom notices

  • This gold medal tested with a fineness of 18k.
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