Longcase clock signed Tiffany & Co Union Square with pendulum and weights
Lot 6014
An extraordinary and unique Tiffany & Co. carved mahogany quarter chiming hall clock designed by Paulding Farnham and built in the Tifany workshops under the supervision of Joseph Lindauer, 1887
Sold for US$ 91,500 inc. premium

Lot Details
An extraordinary and unique Tiffany & Co. carved mahogany quarter chiming hall clock designed by Paulding Farnham and built in the Tifany workshops under the supervision of Joseph Lindauer, 1887 Longcase clock signed Tiffany & Co Union Square with pendulum and weights Longcase clock signed Tiffany & Co Union Square with pendulum and weights Longcase clock signed Tiffany & Co Union Square with pendulum and weights
Property of various owners
An extraordinary and unique Tiffany & Co. carved mahogany quarter chiming hall clock
designed by Paulding Farnham and built in the Tiffany workshops under the supervision of Joseph Lindauer, 1887
on four carved dolphin feet, below a fluted skirting and oval panel carved with feather scrolls on rippled reserve, the waisted trunk with hinged linen fold side panels and hinged open scroll sound frets, the front panel glazed with beveled glass within conforming border of carved roundels, teardrop shaped copper dial enameled with repousse pale green petals in relief on a cream reserve, the arabic numerals enhanced with metallic copper enamel, the hands similarly chased and enameled, all within a boldly carved surround of scrolling plumes conforming to the dial and surmounted by scroll cresting.

Brass two train weight driven movement with brushed finish, deadbeat escapement with maintaining power, chiming Westminster quarters on four gongs and striking the hours on further gong all suspended from single rod secured to the top board of the case, steel rod Graham pendulum with twin faceted jars suspended from small brass plate screwed to the back board
signed on the dial Tiffany & Co. Union Square, the movement signed Tiffany & Co./Makers/Patented Nov 7th 1882/424.
height 92in (233.6cm); width at base 28in (71.1cm); depth 11in (27.9cm)

Footnotes

  • The present clock is recorded in the manuscript Order Book kept by the Clock Department of Tiffany and Company from 1879 to 1918 and now in the collection of the New York Historical Society.

    Clock movement no. 424, was made for a "Hall Clock / Farnham's case", and delivered March 31, 1887. Other entries in the ledger indicate that the case and dial of the Farnham clock had been completed earlier in February, The clock was finally set up with weights and pendulum in December, 1887. These several entries confirm that this remarkable clock was a collaboration between Tiffany's gifted chief designer, Paulding Farnham (1859-1927) and their talented clockmaker, Joseph Lindauer (1835 – 1897).

    Farnham, whose jewelry defined the Tiffany style at the end of the 19th century, began his career at the age of 20 as apprentice to Tiffany silver designer Edward C. Moore. By 1885 he had become Moore's chief assistant and two years later began designing jewelry and silver for Tiffany's exhibit at the 1889 Paris Exposition. Among these were realistic brooches in the form of orchids fashioned from enameled gold. These flowers caused a sensation and won the gold medal for jewelry design.

    Farnham conceived the clock during the same period he designed the jewelry and silver for Paris. The clock is an extension of the same design aesthetic and, in particular, the metal working techniques used to fashion the flowers. The teardrop shaped dial of the clock echoes the petal like forms and muted palette used by Farnham to create his lifelike flowers. It is formed from repoussé and chased copper which has been enameled to resemble pale green feathers on a yellow background. In contrast, the sinuous Arabic numerals have been enhanced with coppery metallic enamel. The curves and scrolls of the carved case are one of the earliest expressions of the style that became Art Nouveau.

    The Tiffany Order Book notes that Farnham's "hall clock" was made for stock. The several entries relating to the clock suggest that dial, case and movement were produced entirely in the Tiffany workshop. From 1865 until 1895, the workshop in New York was under the direction of Joseph Lindauer. The clock is in fact fitted with unusual quarter chiming movement of Lindauer's own design, patented in 1882.

    Under Lindauer, Tiffany occupied a prominent position in American clock making both aesthetically and technically. The Order Book records a variety of clocks, including many specially designed and built to prominent clients' specifications.

    The clock is eloquent testimony to both the vision of Paulding Farnham and the abilities of the clockmakers under Lindauer's supervision. The clock uniquely combines the technical virtuosity of the Tiffany workshop with the innovative creativity that characterized Tiffany style for the remainder of the century.
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