English School, 18th Century Two portraits of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (1688–1766) as a young and older man, together with a portrait of his uncle, Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1640–1660), all wearing armour and cloaks
Lot 19
English School
18th Century
Two portraits of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (1688–1766) as a young and older man, together with a portrait of his uncle, Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1640–1660), all wearing armour and cloaks
£600 - 800
US$ 980 - 1,300

Lot Details
English School, 18th Century Two portraits of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (1688–1766) as a young and older man, together with a portrait of his uncle, Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1640–1660), all wearing armour and cloaks English School, 18th Century Two portraits of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (1688–1766) as a young and older man, together with a portrait of his uncle, Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1640–1660), all wearing armour and cloaks
English School, 18th Century
Two portraits of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (1688–1766) as a young and older man, together with a portrait of his uncle, Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1640–1660), all wearing armour and cloaks.
Watercolour on vellum set within cut borders of armorial and floral motifs with putti and crown crestings, ebonised wood frames.
Oval, 175mm (6 7/8in) high (3)

Footnotes

  • The portrait of the young Prince James derives from the group of portraits dating to circa 1702-4, when the Prince was being depicted, by artists such as Arlaud, Bell and Cheron as the heir to the British throne. The portrait of James as an older man, derives from portraits of 'The Old Pretender' in exile, after the birth of his sons, Charles and Henry.

    James was the son of James II of England and VII of Scotland and his Catholic second wife, Mary of Modena. The Wars of Religion were fresh in the minds of the populace, and many feared a revived Catholic dominance of the government. Mary of Modena took baby James to France, worried about his safety, while his father continued to fight, unsuccessfully, to retain his crown. On his father's death in 1701, James declared himself King and was attainted for treason on 2 March 1702.

    James' first attempted invasion of Britain in March 1708 failed and it was not until 1715, that James finally set foot on Scottish soil. Disappointed by the strength of his support, he returned to France but soon moved to Rome at the invitation of Pope Clement XI. In 1719, James married the Polish princess Maria Clementina Sobieska (1702–35), by whom he had two sons, Charles Edward and Henry Benedict. After the birth of his first son, the attention of the Jacobite supporters turned from James to the young "Bonnie Prince Charlie".

    For biographical details for the latter portrait, see lot 11.
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