English School, late 18th Century Caroline of Brunswick (1768–1821), Princess of Wales (1795-1820), Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland (1820-1821), half-length, profile to the left, wearing pale blue embroidered dress with lace trim, lace slip, a diamond pendant brooch at her corsage, laurel leaf tiara and crown
Lot 129
English School
late 18th Century
Caroline of Brunswick (1768–1821), Princess of Wales (1795-1820), Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland (1820-1821), half-length, profile to the left, wearing pale blue embroidered dress with lace trim, lace slip, a diamond pendant brooch at her corsage, laurel leaf tiara and crown
£600 - 800
US$ 930 - 1,200
withdrawn

Lot Details
English School, late 18th Century
Caroline of Brunswick (1768–1821), Princess of Wales (1795-1820), Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland (1820-1821), half-length, profile to the left, wearing pale blue embroidered dress with lace trim, lace slip, a diamond pendant brooch at her corsage, laurel leaf tiara and crown.
Pencil, charcoal and pastel on paper, gilded wood frame with verre églomisé border.
Rectangular, 245mm (9 5/8in) high

Footnotes

  • The present lot is closely comparable with a portrait miniature of Caroline that was painted by Philip Jean during the year of her marriage to the Prince of Wales, see Richard Walker, Miniatures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, 1992, p.124, no.243).

    Caroline's father was Karl Wilhelm, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and her mother was Princess Augusta of Great Britain, the eldest sister of George III. Although they had never met, Caroline and her first cousin, the Prince of Wales became engaged in 1794. At the time of their engagement, George was already illegally married to his mistress Maria Fitzherbert.

    George and Caroline instantly disliked each other and the prospect of their marriage filled both of them with dread. The Prince was drunk when they married in the Chapel Royal at St. James's Palace and the couple separated shortly after the birth of their only child, Princess Charlotte.

    By 1806, rumours that Caroline had taken lovers and had an illegitimate child led to an investigation by four of the most senior officials in the country: Prime Minister Lord Grenville, Lord Chancellor Lord Erskine, Lord Chief Justice Lord Ellenborough and Home Secretary Lord Spencer. They concluded that there was "no foundation" to the rumours. In 1814, Caroline left England and moved to Italy, where she employed Bartolomeo Pergami as a servant. Pergami soon became Caroline's closest companion, and it was widely assumed that they were lovers. George was determined to divorce Caroline, and set up a second investigation, known as the Milan Commission, to collect evidence of her adultery. Throughout the trial, the Queen remained immensely popular, supported by over 800 petitions and nearly a million signatures that favoured her cause.

Saleroom notices

  • Please note this lot has been withdrawn. It is thought to be a lithographic portrait after Peltro William Tomkins (British, 1760-1840).
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