The Tuileries signed indistinctly (lower left) oil on canvasboard 33 x 40.5 cm. (13 x 16 in.) Painted circa 1922
PROVENANCE: With Beaux-Arts Gallery, London, from whom probably purchased by K.E. Maison Esq., 1939 Sale; Christie's, London, 21 July 1944, lot 44 With The Leicester Galleries, London, where purchased by T.E. Milligan Grundy Esq. With Roland, Browse & Delbanco, London J. Stripe R.W. Hartley Thence by descent
EXHIBITED: New York, Seligmann Gallery, An Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings: William Nicholson, February 1926; this exhibition travelled to Pittsburg, Carnegie Institute, 13 March-26 April; Indianapolis, The John Herron Institute, 4 May-June; Baltimore, Baltimore Museum, 7 September-24 October and Milwaukee, Milwaukee Art Institute, November-3 December London, Beaux-Arts Gallery, Pictures and Drawings by William Nicholson, 30 June-30 July 1927, no.10 Cape Town, South African National Gallery, Exhibition of Works by William Nicholson, March 1931 (catalogue untraced) Nottingham, Castle Museum and Art Gallery, Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings by William Nicholson, 10 March-24 April 1933, no.21 London, Beaux-Arts Gallery, Paintings by William Nicholson, 1 May-2 June, 1933, no.11 Manchester, Manchester City Art Gallery, Platt Hall, Works by William Nicholson, 24 June-23 July 1933; this exhibition travelled to Scarborough, Scarborough Public Library, Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings by William Nicholson, 4 August-2 September, no.31; Folkestone, Folkestone Public Art Gallery, 30 October-28 November; Belfast, Belfast Museum and Art Gallery, Loan Exhibition of Paintings and Prints by William Nicholson, January-17 February 1934, no.3, (then to Southport, Leamington Spa and Blackpool); Lincoln, Usher Art Gallery, Exhibition of Paintings and Lithographs by William Nicholson, 7 July-7 August, no.48; Newark, Newark Municipal Museum, Exhibition of Paintings by William Nicholson, 24 September-24 October, no.1 Possibly Paris, Salon d'Automne, October-November 1938 (catalogue untraced) London, Beaux-Arts Gallery, Exhibition of Early Paintings by Richard Sickert and William Nicholson, 5-26 May, no.19 London, The Leicester Galleries, Artists of Fame and Promise, (Part II), July-August 1944, no.59 London, Arts Council, British Painting 1925-1950, 2nd Anthology, June-July, 1951, no.89
LITERATURE: Stanley Kennedy North, William Nicholson, Drawing and Design, July 1923, (ill.p.522) Lillian Browse, William Nicholson, London, 1956, no.206 Patricia Reed, William Nicholson: catalogue raisonné of the oil paintings, London and New Haven, 2011, cat.469
This view of the Tuileries Gardens was painted during one of several visits that William Nicholson made to Paris during 1922 while engaged on the portrait of Diane de Rothchild, the teenage daughter of Baron Robert de Rothchild (Private Collection, Paris). A larger work entitled The Drummer of Tuileries was exhibited at the Goupil Gallery, London, in the summer of 1922 (Summer Exhibition, no.16) and the present work is believed to be a related composition, executed on the spot, probably in the late winter or early spring as the weak, lemony sunlight behind the trees, and the two figures in winter coats walking just outside their shadow, seems to indicate. Nicholson's brushwork is of interest. He has left the dark underpainting exposed to form the silhouette of the trees against the setting sun, and gives them form by swift, diagonal strokes carrying varying shades of green.
When The Tuileries was illustrated the following year (1923) in an article on Nicholson published in Drawing and Design, the inscription and signature 'Paris/Nicholson' were clearly visible, but the information is now indistinct.
We are grateful to Patricia Reed for her assistance in cataloguing this work and compiling the catalogue entry.