A George II carved giltwood side table in the manner of William Kent, later painted
Lot 32
A George II carved giltwood side table in the manner of William Kent, later painted
Sold for £27,500 (US$ 46,604) inc. premium
Lot Details
A George II later gold painted carved console table
The rectangular campan pink marble top above an egg and dart and Vitruvian scroll carved frieze, on double 'C' scroll acanthus, paterae and carved scaley legs, the reverse carved with trailing bellflowers, on scroll feet, 153cm wide, 80cm deep, 87cm high (60" wide, 31" deep, 34" high).

Footnotes

  • Provenance: probably commissioned in circa 1730, by Richard Gipps Esq. of West Harling Norfolk for his new seat, thence by descent to:

    Nicholas William Ridley-Colborne, 1st Baron Colborne (1779 –1854), who succeeded to the estate of his maternal Uncle, including West Harling, and assumed the surname Colborne.

    Sir George Edmund Nugent, 2nd Bt. (1802-1892), who, in 1830, had married the second daughter of the 1st Baron Colborne, the Hon. Maria Charlotte Ridley-Colborne (d.1883) and inherited the West Harling estate;

    Thence by descent through the Nugent family.

    In 1929 removed from West Harling Hall, Norfolk before the Hall was demolished and was offered for sale as Lot 98 in the Puttick and Simpson sale of the contents but failed to reach its reserve and so remained in the possession of the Nugent family.


    West Harling formerly consisted of several small manors, which, in the time of William the Conqueror, were held as a berewic of the capital manor of Kenninghall by the Albinis and their successors, the de Angerville family. About 1564, it was sold to Bassingborne Gawdy, Esq., of Mendham, in Suffolk (1532-1590) and by descent until the end of the male line with Sir Basingbourn Gawdy, 3rd Baronet (d. 1723) who left the estate to his three nieces and they conveyed the whole estate to Joshua Draper, Esq. who in turn sold it to Richard Gipps, Esq.

    Nicholas William Ridley-Colborne, 1st Baron Colborne (1779 – 1854) sat as Member of Parliament for Bletchingley from 1805 to 1806, for Malmesbury from 1806 to 1807, for Appleby from 1807 to 1812, for Thetford from 1818 to 1826, for Horsham from 1827 to 1832 and for Wells from 1834 to 1837. In 1839 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Colborne, of West Harling in the County of Norfolk.

    Following architectural style, furniture design underwent a revolution in the 1720s in response to the 3rd Earl of Burlington's campaign to establish a new style based upon strict observance of the classical architectural rules and example of Andrea Palladio. Furniture design for the Palladian interior presented a particular problem as no precedent existed. The solution adopted by designers, in particular Burlington's protégé William Kent (1685-1748), was to adapt and apply classical architectural features to established furniture types. Kent was "the first English architect to take a serious interest in furniture and like Robert Adam later in the century he sought to establish a harmonious relationship between the architecture of a room and its furniture". However, other architects such as William Jones, Batty Langley and Robert Morris published furniture designs in Kent's Palladian style.

    Kent rose from a humble background to become one of the most influential designers of the early 18th century. His relationship with Lord Burlington brought significant aristocratic and royal patronage and his influence on many of the country's greatest houses, their interiors and gardens is immense. It is however, in his capacity as interior designer that he was most successful. His schemes and designs for furniture can be seen at Chiswick House, Kew Palace, Raynham Hall, Holkham Hall and Hampton Court. Although no documentary evidence survives linking Kent to West Harling, Kent did work for the Dukes of Grafton at Euston Hall only a few miles from West Harling.

    A number of pieces of Kentian furniture were included in the West Harling sale in 1929 including Lot 99, 'A William Kent Mahogany cabinet'. Similarly in the sale of the 'original and valuable fixtures and fittings' of West Harling Hal(held on the premises, July 8-9, London, Norbury-Smith, 1931) there were William Kent mantelpieces, overmantels, carved doors and overdoors included in the sale as Lots 51-56. In the same sale there was also a portrait of Richard Gipps (Lot 91, fixed in overmantel) which remained mounted in its original position.

Saleroom notices

  • Paint analysis has been undertaken for this lot and indicates four layers of decoration, the original decoration being a scheme of White and gold. The 2nd scheme was a graining scheme. The layers look typical of C19th technique The 3rd scheme is another C19th graining - imitating stained oak. The 4th and present scheme is a 'gold' paint.
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