MELISH, JOHN. 1771-1822.
THE FIRST WALL MAP OF THE ENTIRE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES PRODUCED IN AMERICA.
Map of the United States with the Contiguous British and Spanish Possessions. Philadelphia: John Melish, 1816. With inset map of the West Indies and Statistical Table of the Several Countries Exhibited on the Map. Engraved map on 40 panels, joined to 925 x 1490 mm, hand-colored in outline, original linen-backing, marbled endpapers to verso of two panels, and blue silk edges, custom gilt-lettered navy morocco-backed slipcase, mild even toning, silk edges partially frayed, linen toned.
First edition, fourth state, with "Adelphi," "Mansfield," and "Wooster" added in Ohio, "Vevay or" added before "Swiss Vineyards" in Southern Indiana, but before "Cadiz," "Washington," and "Cambridge" were added to Ohio. This attractive map, which Thomas Jefferson praised for its "well chosen scale" and its "luminous view of the comparative possessions of different powers in our America," is an early expression of Manifest Destiny showing Pike's, Humboldt's, and Lewis and Clark's routes, and inviting other Americans to follow. Wheat notes that this map was used to help settle the boundaries of the United States and Spain in 1819, Mexico in 1828, and the Republic of Texas in 1838. Graff 2744; Martin/Ristow 24; Rumsey Collection 5168.001; Streeter VI:3798; Wheat Vol. 2, pp 62-64 & 218.