Pagoda Oil on canvas, signed and dated in red on verso Bangkok, 1970, Affandi. 38 1/2 x 54in (97.9 x 137.2cm)
Provenance: by repute purchased directly from the artist in the early 1980s
Affandi was born in Cirebon, West Java in 1907. He was a self taught artist. He was the founder of the 'Community Artist' (1946) and the 'People's Artists' (1947). In the early 1950s he traveled to Indian on a grant from the Indian Government and held solo exhibitions in several Indian cities before traveling on to Europe. After her returned to Indonesia in 1955, he taught painting and sculpture at the Indonesian Academy of Fine Arts in Yogyakarta. He received the Indonesian Art Award from the Ministry of Education and Culture (1969), the Dag Hammarskjoeld Prize from Italy (1977) and a gold medal from the Indonesian government for his contribution to Indonesian Art (1978). In the January 1952 issue of Time magazine, he was proclaimed to be a 'painter of genius' by the famous art critic, John Berger. He was also the first Indonesian artist invited to participate in the Second Sao Paolo Biennal, the second oldest biennial after Venice.
His works are typified by his expressive and impressionistic use of paint. After the late 1950s, he gave up the use of a paint brush. Instead he utilized his hands and would often squeeze the paint out of the tube directly on to the canvas. This innovative style is exemplified in this canvas. Although he is primarily known for his work on Indonesian subject matter, he also traveled extensively. This work is inspired by one of his trips to Thailand.