A first stage Kapa beater height 13 3/4in
Lot 2016
A rare preliminary stage kapa beater, hohoa, Hawaiian Islands
US$ 3,500 - 5,000
£2,200 - 3,200

Lot Details
A rare preliminary stage kapa beater, hohoa, Hawaiian Islands
length 13 3/4in

According to Buck (1957: 169-170), "The implements used in beating out the bast for tapa were of two forms, one for each of the two distinct stages in beating ... The first type, termed hohoa (hoahoa), was used in the preliminary stage of beating out individual strips of bast. The hohoa, somewhat club-shaped, ranged in length between 14 and 15 inches. The striking part averaged about 8 inches in length and was round .... The beating part, or blade, was quite smooth (mole) in some beaters ... in others, it was grooved to form sharp parallel ridges (nao) ...".

On page 180, Buck goes on to describe the actual beating process: "In the Hawaiian Islands the beating of bark cloth was divided into two stages. The first, or preparatory, stage termed ho'omo'omo'o, consisted of beating the bast which had been soaked in sea water, into long wide strips termed mo'omo'o. This was done with the round hohoa beater on a stone anvil (kua pohaku). The act of beating was also termed hohoa, as distinguished from the act of beating in the next stage, which was termed kuku...The mo'omo'o strips, after being dried and bleached in the sun, were bundled and wrapped in a sheet of tapa to await the second beating stage."

cf. Buck (1957: 170, figure 110b) for a similar example.

Auction information

This sale is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future sales, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this sale, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Arms & Armor, Coins & Medals, Motor Cars, Motorcycles, and Wine & Whisky:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first $100,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from $100,001 to $2,000,000 of the Hammer Price
12% on the excess over $2,000,000 of the Hammer Price

Payment Notices

Payment for purchases may be made in or by (a) cash, (b) cashier's check or money order, (c) personal check with approved credit drawn on a U.S. bank, (d) wire transfer or other immediate bank transfer, or (e) Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover credit, charge or debit card. A processing fee will be assessed on any returned checks. Please note that the amount of cash notes and cash equivalents that can be accepted from a given purchaser may be limited.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Similar Items