An illuminated Ottoman firman
Lot 41
An illuminated Firman of Sultan Mahmud II (reg. 1808-39) Ottoman Turkey, probably Constantinople, dated 29th Rabi' al-Akhir 1236/3rd February 1821
Sold for £2,400 (US$ 4,108) inc. premium
Auction Details
Lot Details
An illuminated Firman of Sultan Mahmud II (reg. 1808-39)
Ottoman Turkey, probably Constantinople, dated 29th Rabi' al-Akhir 1236/3rd February 1821
Ottoman Turkish manuscript on paper, 9 lines of text written in divani kirmasi script in black ink, each line rising upwards towards the left margin, tughra written in black outlined in gold, the area above the tughra richly decorated with an intertwining vegetal motif in gold contained within a stylised rococo border, flanked by two bouquets of flowers painted in the European rococo style, outer border decorated with an undulating floral pattern in gold added at a later date, creased, in mount
759 x 265 mm.

Footnotes

  • Compare the illumination of the tughra with that of a firman of Sultan Mahmud II, dated 19th July 1809, in Aysegul Nadir, Imperial Ottoman Fermans, Istanbul 1986, pp. 144-145, no. 60.
Activities
Auction information

This sale is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future sales, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this sale, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine, Coins & Medals and Motor Cars and Motorcycles:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first £50,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from £50,001 to £1,000,000 the Hammer Price
12% from £1,000,001 of the Hammer Price

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

Payment in advance: by cash, check with banker's card, credit card, bank draft or traveler's cheque.

Payment at collection: by credit or debit card.

Credit card charges: a surcharge of 2% is applicable when using Mastercard, Visa and overseas debit cards.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Lot symbols
Exempt from tax

Zero rated for VAT, no VAT will be added to the Hammer Price or the Buyer's Premium.