Samuel Cooper (British, 1609-1672) James Butler, 12th Earl and 1st Duke of Ormonde (1610-1688), wearing armour and small white collar, his natural hair worn long
Lot 4
Samuel Cooper
(British, 1609-1672)
James Butler, 12th Earl and 1st Duke of Ormonde (1610-1688), wearing armour and small white collar, his natural hair worn long
Sold for £12,000 (US$ 20,157) inc. premium
Lot Details
Samuel Cooper (British, 1609-1672)
James Butler, 12th Earl and 1st Duke of Ormonde (1610-1688), wearing armour and small white collar, his natural hair worn long.
Watercolour on vellum, signed on the obverse with initials SC, silver-gilt frame with pierced spiral cresting, the reverse with Hickson Collection label.
Oval, 55mm (2 3/16in) high
Provenance: S.V. Hickson; Sotheby's, 22 April 1968, lot 58
Exhibited: Portrait Miniatures from the Merchiston Collection, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, 23 September – 11 December 2005, no.5
Stephen Lloyd, Exhibition Catalogue, 2005, p.18-19 and 57, ill.col.pl.2

Footnotes

  • The present lot dates to the same period as the portrait of Ormonde by Justus van Egmont painted in Paris (see Verney Collection, Claydon House (National Trust)).

    A ward of the crown after the death of his father, Viscount Thurles in 1619, he was brought up a Protestant and in 1629 he married his cousin the heiress of the Earl of Desmond. In Ireland from 1633, Ormonde gained the favour of Thomas Wentworth and on the latter's return to England in 1640, Ormonde was placed in command of the army in Ireland as lieutenant general. As lieutenant general, he fought the Irish rebels in 1641 and, although greatly hampered by the Irish lords justices, defeated the rebels at Killsalghen and Kilrush. He was made a marquess in 1642, again defeated the rebels, and, under orders from Charles I, concluded the treaty of "cessation," placing most of Ireland in the hands of the Confederate Catholics. He then served as lord lieutenant of Ireland 1644-1647, where he skilfully maintained himself against both Catholic rebels and the Protestant adherents of the English parliament. In 1647, however, he made terms with Parliament in order to restore peace in Ireland and gave up his office. In 1648 he joined the Queen and Prince Charles in Paris, but in 1649 he returned to Ireland and proclaimed the Prince as King Charles II. Ormonde represented Charles in the negotiations preceding the Restoration, and after 1660 he was given numerous offices and titles, including privy councillor, lord high steward of England, earl of Brecknock (in the English peerage) and duke of Ormonde (in the Irish and English peerages). Again as lord lieutenant of Ireland, he worked to promote Irish trade and to affect the complicated business of restoration of property. He was unpopular with the Restoration court, especially with the Duke of Buckingham, who apparently instigated an unsuccessful attempt on Ormonde's life. In 1669 Ormonde was removed as lord lieutenant but was restored to office in 1677. Because of his mild anti-Catholic measures at the time of the Popish Plot, he was attacked by the Earl of Shaftesbury. He was again removed from the lord lieutenancy in 1684 as a result of intrigue. Thereafter he emerged from retirement only to oppose James II's attempt to dispense with the anti-Catholic laws. He survived his son, the earl of Ossory, and was succeeded by his grandson.
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