A mediterranean jar and cover
Lot 52
A documentary German faience cistern Circa 1761-67.
Sold for £24,000 (US$ 37,818) inc. premium

Lot Details
A documentary German faience cistern Circa 1761-67. A documentary German faience cistern Circa 1761-67. A documentary German faience cistern Circa 1761-67. A documentary German faience cistern circa 1761-67 A mediterranean jar and cover
A documentary German faience cistern
Circa 1761-67.
Most probably Poppelsdorf, Bonn, decorated with the coat of arms of Maximilian Friedrich Graf von Königseck-Rothenfels, Archbishop of Cologne and Elector of the Roman Holy Empire, set in an Arcadian landscape with an obelisk, flanked by various figures bearing heraldry, the opening for the spout modelled as a grotesques head reserved against a puce scale ground, the domed fluted cover with a dolphin finial, height including cover: 56cm, width: 30cm, depth: 17cm, (restored) (2)

Footnotes

  • Provenance: Bought by an ancestor of the present owner who died in 1820; thence by descent.

    The Poppelsdorf factory was founded by the famous patron of the arts, Clemens August, Elector and Archbishop of Cologne and the predecessor of Maximilian Friedrich Graf von Königseck-Rothenfels for whom this fountain was made. In 1755, the arcanist Johann Jacob Kaising was asked to found a factory in Katzenburg, close to Schloss Clemensruhe in Poppelsdorf near Bonn. By 1758, however, the Elector had already lost interest in the factory and it was forced to support itself. In 1764, when the factory was threatened with bankruptcy, it was rescued by the new Elector, Maximilian Friedrich von Königseck, who took the factory, if in vain, under his protection. In 1774 Kaising died 'Im Elend' - in impoverished circumstances (See Stöhr, 1920, p.308). It can be assumed this piece was produced during the protectorate of Maximilian Friedrich von Königseck, around 1764.

    The decoration on this fountain shows great similarities with the decoration of fountains made at the faience factory of Arnhem. In particular, the 'white lined' clouds and scale ground decoration are significant features that link the fountain to decoration at Arnhem. The shape, however, differs distinctly from Arnhem. The Arnhem fountains all have similar grotesque head openings with flattened heads, and generally the covers are more shell-shaped and flatter. It is therefore possible that the fountain might have been decorated by one of the painters who were also associated with the Arnhem factory, possibly Christian Gottlieb Kuntze (1736-1810). Kuntze began his career at Höchst as a student painter. By 1749, he had moved to Hanau and in 1756 he moved to the newly-founded factory at Poppelsdorf as a 'Farblaborant' (Stoehr, 1920 p.309). He then moved to Arnhem, where it is generally assumed he was much involved in the development of the newly-founded faience factory. He returned to Bonn in 1768 (Ressing-Wolfert, Duyster, 2008, p.51).

    For comparable decoration of the clouds and scale pattern on an Arnhem fountain, see Ressing-Wolfert and Duysters 2008, p. 75, cat. no. 66. For a list of recorded wall fountains see the same publication, cat. nos. 119-124. Another Arnhem wall fountain decorated in blue with a different pediment was recently sold through the Dutch trade. This fountain will be published in a forthcoming article in 'Vormen uit Vuur', no. 205. More on the painter Kunze is published by Ressing-Wolfert 2007. For further reading on Arnhem faience see Van Dam and Ressing-Wolfert 1991.
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