'Ali bin Khalifah al-Mutatabbib al-Salmasi, Durar-e Makhzan-e Kaykawusi or Dhakireh-ye Kaykawusi, 'The Pearls of the Treasury of Kaykawus' or 'Kaykawus's Treasure', commissioned for the library of Sultan Kaykawus II (reigned 1246-1257)  Seljuk Anatolia, Konya, dated AH 649/AD 1251
Lot 5
'Ali bin Khalifah al-Mutatabbib al-Salmasi, Durar-e Makhzan-e Kaykawusi or Dhakireh-ye Kaykawusi, 'The Pearls of the Treasury of Kaykawus' or 'Kaykawus's Treasure', commissioned for the library of Sultan Kaykawus II (reigned 1246-1257) Seljuk Anatolia, Konya, dated AH 649/AD 1251
£25,000 - 35,000
US$ 40,000 - 56,000

Lot Details
'Ali bin Khalifah al-Mutatabbib al-Salmasi, Durar-e Makhzan-e Kaykawusi or Dhakireh-ye Kaykawusi, 'The Pearls of the Treasury of Kaykawus' or 'Kaykawus's Treasure', commissioned for the library of Sultan Kaykawus II (reigned 1246-1257)  Seljuk Anatolia, Konya, dated AH 649/AD 1251 'Ali bin Khalifah al-Mutatabbib al-Salmasi, Durar-e Makhzan-e Kaykawusi or Dhakireh-ye Kaykawusi, 'The Pearls of the Treasury of Kaykawus' or 'Kaykawus's Treasure', commissioned for the library of Sultan Kaykawus II (reigned 1246-1257)  Seljuk Anatolia, Konya, dated AH 649/AD 1251
'Ali bin Khalifah al-Mutatabbib al-Salmasi, Durar-e Makhzan-e Kaykawusi or Dhakireh-ye Kaykawusi, 'The Pearls of the Treasury of Kaykawus' or 'Kaykawus's Treasure', commissioned for the library of Sultan Kaykawus II (reigned 1246-1257)
Seljuk Anatolia, Konya, dated AH 649/AD 1251
Persian manuscript on paper, 188 leaves, 13 lines to the page written in bold naskhi script in brown ink, text interspersed with inverted commas in red, margins ruled in double lines in red, catchwords in black ink added at a later date, headings written in bold script in red ink, contemporary and later commentaries in margin, slightly trimmed, some staining, some crude repairs restricted to outer margins, first folio replaced at an early date incorporating first page of text and title headpiece, 19th Century black morocco with stamped central medallions, cornerpieces and borders, worn
311 x 231 mm.

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Private UK based collection: acquired July 1969.

    This unique treatise appears to be previously unrecorded.

    Historical Background:
    This rare and hitherto unrecorded 13th Century medical treatise was produced during the joint rule of Kaykawus II, Qilich Arslan IV, Kay Qubadh II and 'Ala' al-Din. According to C.E. Bosworth the extension of Anatolia to the Mediterranean brought prosperity to the Rum Sultanate 'which was shown by the architectural and cultural glories of Konya and other parts of Anatolia at this time' (see C. E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, Edinburgh 1996, pp. 213-14).

    The Preface:
    The author, 'Ali ibn Khalifa al-Salmasi, comments that there are two sciences (as the Prophet has said), the science of body and the science of religion, and neither of these can exist without the Sultan's order and mediation. There has never been a better time in the history of monarchy than this moment when the Sultan is 'Izz al-Din, ruler of the lands of al-Rum (Anatolia), al-Sham (Syria), and al-Irman (Armenia). The author decided to prepare a gift for the treasury of the Sultan and called it durar-e makhzan-e kaykawusi, which contains five sections which will be listed in the table of contents. He then lists the contents which amounts to 272 entries, at the end of which there is a colophon.

    Contents:
    The text appears to be a compilation, and traces of later commentaries on Ibn Sina's al-Qanun can be detected. It is divided into 5 main sections (maqala), each subdivided into chapters (fasl). Each chapter is in turn divided into babs.

    The main division includes the following:
    A.
    Description of different parts of the body, including bones, veins, hair and nails;
    Preservation of health, including drinking, eating, sleeping, bathing and different constitutions and symptoms of illnesses.
    B.
    Pulse, urine.
    C.
    Treatment of different parts of the body.
    D.
    On fevers, poisons and bone breakages.
    E.
    Dictionary of pharmaceutical terms, medicine, arranged alphabetically.

    The colophon:
    The first colophon on folio 11b in Persian: tamam shod fehrest-e ketab be-mobaraki va farrokhi ruz-e chahar shanbeh dahom-e jumadi al-akhar sana 649: '[Writing] of the contents of the book was finished in auspiciousness and prosperity on Wednesday, 10th Jumadi II, 649/30th August 1251'.
    Before the final colophon, the author says that he was faithful to what he set out to do, in fact he wrote more on remedies for illnesses, and that is why the book is bigger than it was intended to be.
    The final colophon on folio 188a reads: separi shod durar-e makhzan-e kaykawusi ruz-e do-shanbeh sizdahom-e mah-e dhi'l-hajja sana 649 [?] katibihi 'ali ibn khalifa al-mutitabbib mu'alif-e ketab mata'a allah lisahibihi: 'The [copying of] Durar-e Makhzan-e Kaykawusi was brought to conclusion on Monday 13th of the month of Dhi'l-Hajja, the year 649/26th February 1251. Its scribe 'Ali ibn Khalifa al-Mutatabbib [medical practitioner], the author of the book. May God grant the owner enjoyment throughout his life.'

    Provenance:
    Muhammad ibn Amir Shams al-Din (minister to 'Izz al-Din Kaykawus?)
    Muhammad ibn Mahmud (Shams al-Din?)
    Mahmud (Shams al-Din?) ibn Muhammad al-Mawlawi, in Konya (the manner in which he has written his name may indicate that he is Shams al-Din Mahmud Tughra'i who is recorded as malik al-kuttab, 'king of scribes', and an influential official at the court of Kaykawus).
    Muhammad Muhsin ibn Muhammad Muhsin (18th Century)
    Haji 'Abd al-Karim (19th Century)

    Shams al-Din Mahmud Tughra'i was the minister of 'Izz al-Din Kaykawus in Konya, and the above notes may be by him and his son Muhammad.

    A later marginal note on folio 285 is a remedy for colic written in 1230/1814-15 by Muhammad Riza son of Mirza 'Abdullah the Isfahani physician, on the request of a certain Aqa 'Abdullah.

    The last page contains a ghazal which according to the heading is by Sharaf al-Din Atlasi al-Qunyawi on asking for wine. The name of the scribe is removed but it is in a 13th-14th Century style.
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