(n/a) Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851) and Thomas Girtin (British, 1775-1802)
Arno, a villa among trees & bushes pencil and watercolour 18 x 23.5cm (7 1/16 x 9 1/4in).
Provenance: Thos. Agnew & Son; The Leicester Galleries, March 1953; H.M. Langton; Spink & Son.; Private collection.
The work bears a label which reads: Italian villa with trees 7 1/2 inch by 9 1/4 Bought from Agnews as a copy by Turner from Cozens. Original sketch in pencil is in Vol. vi. of the Beckford Sketch Books, now owned by the Duke of Hamilton. Volume vi. contains J.R. Cozen's sketches made between Sept 15th and Oct 10th 1783 and the sketch for the above drawing is dated 'Arno Sept 25th' and is on page 14 of the volume. There are five other sketches of the same date, one of "Villa Salviate on the Arno", another of the Grand Dukes Palace.
In 1794 Girtin first visited the home of Dr Thomas Monro to study and produce work with Turner. "Girtin drew the outlines and Turner washed in the effects. They were chiefly employed in copying the outlines or unfinished drawins of Cozens &c &c of which they made finished drawings."1. The present lot was executed circa 1795 and is typical of Girtin's and Turner's work for Monro. The outlines are by Girtin, the colour and wash by Turner.
In 1782-3 Cozens made his second trip to Rome, via Germany and Austria and he travelled as far as Naples. Cozens travelled with William Beckford (1760-1844), who was, at the time, one of the wealthiest men in England. There are seven Beckford sketchbooks containing Cozen's work from this trip.
1. Susan Morris Thomas Girtin (Yale, 1986), p. 12. Turner and Girtin told Joseph Farington of their activities at Dr Monro's house.
We would like to thank Andrew Wilton for his assistance with attributing this lot.