Edward III vellum document with Royal seal regarding fishing rights on Looe River Cornwall, 1368
Lot 151
EDWARD III
Sold for £10,200 (US$ 13,683) inc. premium

Lot Details
Edward III vellum document with Royal seal regarding fishing rights on Looe River Cornwall, 1368 Edward III vellum document with Royal seal regarding fishing rights on Looe River Cornwall, 1368
EDWARD III
Letters Patent, witnessed by the King himself at Westminster ("In cuius rei testimonium has letteras nostras fieri fecimus patentes. Teste me ipso apud Westmonesterium"), confirming the grant made by Edmund late Earl of Cornwall to Robert Crochard of all fishing rights in the river of Loo[e] both within and without the park of Liskeret [Liskeard] with appurtenances, to be held by Crochard and his heirs in perpetuity, on payment of one mark [13/4d] at the feast of Michaelmas [29 September], for the confirmation of which Crochard has paid the Earl five marks [£3-6s-8d] by his own hand; the original deed given at Ashridge on 7 June 1296, the present deed confirming this grant to Richard de Kendale [Kendal] now tenant of the said fishing rights; on vellum, with flourished ascenders in the first line, bearing a fine impression of the seventh ('Brétigny') Great Seal of Edward III in green wax (denoting perpetuity), on four light green and dark blue/ purple plaited cords, docketed with a note of its antiquity in a 17th century hand ("372 years before 1668" and in an 18th hand "Patent of the Fishery of Looe River", some dust-staining, minor rubbing and creasing (with two small holes where folded) and an unobtrusive light stain in the lower margin, but overall in good and attractive condition; the seal largely intact with minor chipping at the edges (removing the legend at the left of the obverse, but barely affecting the image), with a modern invisible repair where formerly cracked; in a later fitted wooden case by Longman & Strongi'th'arm of Dover Street, Piccadilly, the deed 230 x 377 mm., Westminster, 26 May [1368]

Footnotes

  • EDWARD III GRANTS FISHING RIGHTS ON THE RIVER LOOE, IN A DEED BEARING AN EXCEPTIONALLY FINE EXAMPLE OF HIS GREAT SEAL; this being his seventh 'Brétigny' Great Seal, itself an important medieval work-of-art: "The symmetrical magnificence of these late medieval great seals is brought to a culmination with Edward III's seventh great seal of 1360 (known as the 'Brétigny' seal) (Wyon and Wyon 1887, no.63). Here the spare spaces were filled with niches containing images of the Virgin and Child, St George and angels flanking the royal figure. The most telling piece of propaganda is the small figure in the niche above the king's head: it is apparently the presence of God, his pose echoing that of the king. No doubt the intention was to point out that the king governed on earth just as God did in heaven" (John Stean, The Archaeology of the Medieval English Monarchy, 1998 edition, p.26). (The Treaty of Brétigny, drawn up between Edward and John II of France in May 1360 and ratified by Parliament the following year, marked the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years War and the height of British hegemony on the Continent).

    In 1375-1376, Richard de Kendale, beneficiary of this grant, was to petition the Black Prince, requesting remedy "as the prince granted him letters directed to Giles for to suffer the petitioner to fish within the park of Liskeard without trouble or disturbance of the parker, he and his ancestors having had the fishery from the time of Crocherd, whose estate the petitioner has, as Giles will not allow him to fish. He requests that he is able to have [...] within the park in peace or that he is able to be rebated the value of the fishery, and that the prince's officers be charged to enquire of the true value of the fishery" (National Archives, SC 8/333/E1080).
Activities
Auction information

This sale is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future sales, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this sale, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine, Coins & Medals and Motor Cars and Motorcycles:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first £175,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from £175,001 to £3,000,000 the Hammer Price
12.5% from £3,000,001 of the Hammer Price

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

Payment in advance: by cash, cheque with banker's card, credit card, bank draft or traveller's cheque.

Payment at collection: by credit or debit card.

Credit card charges: a surcharge of 2% is applicable when using Mastercard, Visa and overseas debit cards.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Similar Items