ANAESTHETICS - ARNO B. LUCKHARDT
Lot 1
ANAESTHETICS - ARNO B. LUCKHARDT
Sold for £8,400 (US$ 13,981) inc. premium
Lot Details
ANAESTHETICS - ARNO B. LUCKHARDT
Diaries and papers of Dr Arno B. Luckhardt of the University of Chicago's Department of Physiology, comprising 43 volumes of his diaries and reminder books running from 1914 to 1956 (interspersed throughout with inserted pieces of correspondence, ephemera, certificates, photographs, newscuttings etc., the written narrative of his day-to-day life discontinued after 1 March 1936); plus his illustrated school diary kept in 1900-1901; two volumes of his expense accounts for 1910-1921; two essays written while a student at Conception College Missouri; a file of high-voltage letters to Luckhardt from the bookseller Ida W. Schuman, and her husband Henry, concerning the sale of his collection of ivory medical manikins and library, 1955-1956; and a file of correspondence concerning commemorations of the physiologist William Beaumont, some usual wear etc., but generally in excellent, sound condition, 1900-1956

Footnotes

  • DIARIES OF THE CHICAGO PHYSIOLOGIST RESPONSIBLE FOR DISCOVERING THE ANAESTHETIC USE OF ETHYLENE GAS; Luckhardt's diary entry for 21 January 1923 recording his first successful trial conducted with his student and co-discoverer J.B. Carter: "Fair - Not cold/ At school till 1.30. Carter and I were anesthetized with ethylene. Then in turn we anesthetized Blumenstock, Carlson, Phillips, Sudan. Then Kleitman twice. Then Carter & I took the gas several times after. Kleitman vomited freely, Carlson felt nauseated. Phillips was nauseated a little. Rest of us not nauseated. Pushed sterile safety pin through shin of Sudan, Blumenstock. Also through my shin without pain. It was a perfect success"; the rest of the day's entry being written with an engaging frankness and wry humour typical of the diaries as a whole: "Got no enthusiasm at home. Late for dinner was much more serious./ In evening heard with Luella 'Robin Hood' at the Aryan Grotto by Cecilian Opera co. Home at midnight". On 11 March, Luckhardt and Carter demonstrated their discovery to Isabella Herb, who was to become famous as being the first anaesthetist to administer ethylene in clinical practice: "Cloudy in morning. Rain, colder & then blizzard in evening./ Gala day for Carter & me. At 9.00 A.M. we gave a demonstration of new anesthetic to Dr. Bevan, Dean Lewis, Isabella Herb, Miss Haines, Dr. Lyons, H.E. Jones, Dr. Kantor, Gatewood, Uncle Dr. H., Lester Dragstedt, Dr. Lederer, and Mr. Potts. Also Miss Kunde. All were amply satisfied with the demonstration. First I and then Carter were anesthetized./ Carter & I looked over manuscript to make corrections"; that evening he spent "at desk work and income tax schedule". On 14 March he records this first operation with Isabella Bird acting as anaesthetist, and the anxieties that preceded it: "Clear./ Up at 6.00 after weary night. Wake up often & wondered about success or failure of C2H4./ Dr. Lewis called for me at the house./ Spectacular morning. In presence of surgeons, hospital attendants, visiting physicians and one visiting anesthetist Dr. Bevan removed first a wen under ethylene with patient not even aware of the fact that operation had been performed. He next dilated rectum and cut open widely 2 inches rectal fistulous tracts. Next he performed a inguinal hernia (22 minutes) and finally started a woman with ethylene & switched to ether. It was a great success and day long to be remembered. Everyone highly gratified. Patients doing well in afternoon".

    Arno B. Luckhardt (1885-1957) spent his entire professional career at the University of Chicago, apart from a year's research and teaching in Germany as a member of the Deutsch Akademie der Naturforscher in 1924-1925 (also covered by these diaries). He joined the university's Department of Physiology in 1909, and from 1918 made intensive studies of the anaesthetic and analgesic effects on animals of a mixture of ethylene and oxygen. He was eventually appointed William Beaumont Distinguished Service Professor, and retired in 1950. Others of his papers are at the Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library (Luckhardt, Arno B. Papers, Crerar Ms 17) and at the Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, Park Ridge, Illinois (MMS9, The Arno B. Luckhardt Collection). For a fuller listing of the present papers, please apply to the Bonhams Book Department. See illustration overleaf.
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