[17TH CENTURY ITALIAN MANUSCRIPT.]
Manuscript in Italian and Latin, 126 leaves, 4to, [Rome?], January 1624 to April 1637, being a ledger of rents and taxes collected by the Brancaccio family, leaves age toned, some water staining and foxing throughout, bound in full vellum with ties, spine loose, covers worn and stained.
A fascinating account book kept by one of the wealthiest and most powerful families in Italy. The Brancaccio line was established in the 13th century, founded the celebrated Brancacciana Library at Naples, and had seven family members appointed as Cardinals of the Catholic Church. At the time this ledger was kept, the Brancaccio family included Francesco Maria [1592-1675], a young priest promoted to Bishop in 1627 and Cardinal in 1634. He is best remembered for having authored a treatise arguing that the consumption of chocolate in liquid form does not interrupt fasting.
This book, identified on the upper cover as a Review of things and as the property of Leonardo, Maria, and one other member of the family, contains detailed descriptions of monies and goods collected, possibly on behalf of the church. The ledger gives detailed descriptions of rents collected for houses and lands, some paid with money, others paid with grain and goods, plus taxes collected, also paid in money and goods. Most interestingly, several notable names appear throughout the ledger, including that of Medici, Piti, and Borgia.