Joseph Raphael (1869-1950) Spring, Rue Engeland, Kriekeput 33 1/4 x 26 1/4in
Lot 55
Joseph Raphael (1869-1950) Spring, Rue Engeland, Kriekeput 33 1/4 x 26 1/4in
Sold for US$ 192,000 inc. premium
Lot Details
(n/a) Joseph Raphael (1869-1950)
Spring, Rue Engeland, Kriekeput
signed 'Joe Raphael' (lower right) and inscribed with title 'Spring Rue Engleand [sic]' on the reverse
oil on board
33 1/4 x 26 1/4in


  • Provenance:
    Collection of the Haas Family, Northern California

    Joseph Raphael (1869-1950) was one of the foremost California impressionists, winning the silver medal at the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exhibition. Although he was one of the few born in California, he spent most of his artistic career abroad in Europe. Raphael began his education in art fairly late, studying with Arthur Mathews and Douglas Tilden at the California School of Design at the age of 24. At 34, he moved to Paris and studied at the Academie Julian along with many other great American impressionists, following in the footsteps of John Singer Sargent and Mary Cassatt. He would spend a great deal of time at the artists’ retreat at Laren in the Netherlands during this time. His subsequent years were spent Belgium and Holland. In 1939, Raphael traveled to San Francisco where he would remain for the rest of his life.

    Raphael experimented with many disparate styles of the time. In San Francisco, under Mathews, he started painting in a tonalist style. During his time in Paris, his paintings reflected the academic naturalism of his instructor, Jean Paul Laurens. Later at the retreat in Laren, he was strongly influenced by the dark palette and rural subject matter of Dutch masters. After the turn of the century, his work rapidly took on the character of his impressionist and post-impressionist contemporaries. Raphael’s paintings from this period are widely regarded as his best work.

    In 1915, Raphael built a small house on Rue Engeland in Kriekeput, Belgium, south of the village of Uccle, where he had lived for the past few years. From this site, he had views of Linkebeek Village to the southeast and the Papekasteel (Pope’s castle) to the west. Both of these images would appear repeatedly in his work from this period.

    Spring, Rue Engeland depicts the Belgium countryside bathed in a bright clear light with two figures visible on the path below. A building, which bears some resemblance to the Papekasteel motif in Raphael’s other paintings, is the focal point in the distance.

    The painting is comprised of assured and energetic brushstrokes, with marked variation in the size of the strokes to provide depth of field and contrast. In the lower right, the trees lining the pink field are crafted with rhythmic strokes that provide both structure and movement. The raw surface of the board shows through the paint and becomes an integral part of the palette. All of these elements are brought together with a palette of subtle greens and pinks offset with red and blue highlights, making Spring, Rue Engeland a classic Raphael landscape.

Saleroom notices

  • Dimensions should read: 26 1/4 x 33 1/4in
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