Sir Nathaniel Dance Holland (London 1734-1811 Winchester)
Portrait of Richard Terrick (1710-1777), Bishop of London, half-length, in clerical robes oil on canvas 75 x 62.3cm (29 1/2 x 24 1/2in).
PROVENANCE: Anonymous sale, Christie's London, 25 November 1977, lot 86
The son of Samuel Terrick (died 1719), prebendary of York, and his wife Ann, née Gibson, Richard Terrick was probably born in York and baptised at York Minster. He graduated MA from Clare College, Cambridge, in 1733 and was a fellow of the college from 1731 until 1738, the year in which he married Tabitha (1712/13-1790), daughter of William Stainforth, rector of Simonburn, Northumberland. He quickly found success, being made canon of Windsor from 1742 until 1749 and chaplain to King George II from 1745 to 1757. The king then nominated him to the bishopric of Peterborough. One of his first acts as bishop was to issue a letter to his clergy urging a more devout observance of Good Friday. Horace Walpole, who despised Terrick (deliberately referring to him as Mr Terrick, despite his elevation to the bench), reported that he deserted the Duke of Devonshire in favour of John Stuart, third Earl of Bute, in the hope of preferment upon the accession of Bute's pupil, the future King George III. Indeed, Terrick was appointed bishop of London upon the death of William Warburton in 1764. He shared much of the anti-Catholic feeling of the time and forbade the decoration of Saint Paul's with murals on the ground that such a practice was 'Popish'. He died at Fulham Palace on 31 March 1777 and was buried on 8 April in All Saints Churchyard, Fulham.
Terrick sat to Dance on at least one other occasion, in 1773, and this portrait can now be found in Lambeth Palace.