'Hercules' a 6in gauge model of a Norris 4-2-0 locomotive of circa 1840. Probably built for the Birm
Lot 350
An important contemporary early 19th century 6in gauge model of the 4-2-0 locomotive 'Hercules' Probably built in England as a salesmans model to the design of William Norris, Philadelphia circa 1840.
Sold for £8,640 (US$ 13,423) inc. premium

Lot Details
An impoprtant contemporary early 19th century 6in gague model of the 4-2-0 locomotive 'Hercules'  Pr An impoprtant contemporary early 19th century 6in gague model of the 4-2-0 locomotive 'Hercules'  Pr An impoprtant contemporary early 19th century 6in gague model of the 4-2-0 locomotive 'Hercules'  Pr
Live Steam Locomotives and Engines.
An important contemporary early 19th century 6in gauge model of the 4-2-0 locomotive 'Hercules'
Probably built in England as a salesmans model to the design of William Norris, Philadelphia circa 1840.
The center flue boiler has a round ‘Bury’ pattern domed firebox with grate and fittings including water gauge with shutoff cocks, level test cocks, drain cock spring balance safety valve, regulator with quadrant guide engraved '1-2-3-4-5-6', whistle and dummy sand box, one fitting with original mother–of–pearl handle and another of horn. The chassis is comprised of wooden bar–type frames and wooden buffer beam and is fitted with twin outside inclined cylinders with inside opposed gab valve gear, centrally mounted valve chests with separate steam ways, rocking shaft levers and reversing lever, cylinder head lubricators, diamond cross section crosshead guides, barreled connecting rods with gibbed and cottered big and little ends with split brasses, working leaf springs, footplate with guardrails and many other details. Traces of original paintwork are visible in places. (There is some old damage and part of the smoke box door is probably not original), 18 1/2 x 25ins (47 x 63.5cm). With contemporary carrying cradle engraved 'LINGHAM', and glass case.

Footnotes

  • Seventeen full size examples of this Norris design were built in Philadelphia, USA by William Norris between 1839 and 1842 for the Birmingham and Gloucester Railway to handle traffic up the 1in 37 Lickey Incline and for normal running. A further nine were built in England for that railway as well as a number exported to Austria and France. A detailed history entitled “Norris Locomotives in England” by P C Dewhurst M.I.C.E.; M.I.Mech.E being a paper read at the Institution of Civil Engineers London Oct. 17th 1947 can be downloaded from the Newcomen Society website for a small fee.
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