An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820
Lot 433
An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, Northern India, late 18th Century
Sold for £72,000 (US$ 119,789) inc. premium
Auction Details
An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820 An album of 118 botanical watercolours Company School, circa 1820
Lot Details
An album of 118 botanical watercolours
Company School, Northern India, late 18th Century
watercolours on paper, most with identifying inscription in ink in English giving the Latin name and the 'common name' (a transliteration of the Persian), some inscriptions in pencil only, and the Persian title in nasta'liq script, also numbered non-consecutively in Arabic, some with Persian title only, one painting in gatefold format (Phaseolus), paper watermarked either Portal & Bridges or GR [Georgius Rex], later blue-green morocco binding, gilt-embossed on spine with Botanical Drawings
420 x 270 mm.

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    The 4th or 5th Earl of Torrington, acquired circa 1815 or earlier.

    The paintings were bound at a later date, as shown both by the binding itself and the non-consecutive numbering.

    The album is notable for the number of less commonly portrayed and less obviously colourful wild plants, with an emphasis on those of practical use.

    In the following list, the English title is given first (usually a Latin name, following Linnaeus' classification), then any other comment or name, then the Persian title (in italics), followed by the identification of the plant where this has been possible. The inscriptions are as follows:

    1. Antirrhinum, sahdiyya.
    2. Celsia, piriyya, a kind of betel leaf (?), 'rather too obscurely drawn to be certain of the genus.'
    3. Morinda, al, the name of a tree from whose roots a red dye is prepared.
    4. Convolvulus, kirmua, possibly the palas tree.
    5. Convolvulus.
    6. Solanum, Bhat-kataiya, a prickly plant.
    7. Nicotiana (the tobacco plant), tamaku.
    8. Arum, Wake Robin or Cuckoo pent [?], aruwi.
    9. No English, shakh-e derakht-e balsun, balsam [?].
    10. Amaranthus, Chula'i kathila.
    11. [no inscriptions].
    12. Polygonum, Knot Grass, agiya khurd, lemon grass.
    13. Polygonum, agiya kalan, lemon grass, small.
    14. Lesua, perhaps Lesura, the Sebestens plum, bara lasaura.
    15. Santalum album, Shakh-e derakht-e sandal-e safid, the branch of a white sandalwood tree.
    16. 'I believe this a Guetandine', Gol-e tara dakani, the flower of the Deccani tara.
    17. Vitex [trifolia], sanbhalu, chaste tree.
    18. Nyctanthes arbor tristis, Har-singar, the weeping nyctanthes.
    19. Gardena [?] racemosa, Arabian jasmine, Malutee lutta [?], Shakh-e derakht-e yalti.
    20. Gajee, Kaji.
    21. 'A tree from Madras', derakht-e Hendraji.
    22. No English, Shakht-e derakht-e Hendraji.
    23. Pyrus Malus, Sib, apple.
    24. No English, Kurh.
    25. Solanum, Maku-ye sorkh, the red maku or Cape gooseberry.
    26. Casnee, Kasni-ye sorkh, the red endive.
    27. Myrtus, Mehndi-ye Chin, myrtle.
    28. Kydia, Shakh-e derakht-e kandal.
    29. No English, Shakh-e derakht-e bhtur.
    30. Citrus, Turanj.
    31. Lawsonia inermis, henna ya'ni mehndi.
    32. Chicorium, Kasni, mild endive.
    33. Barleria, Kasni.
    34. Phaseolus, Kidney Bean, Lubiya, bean.
    35. Solanum, Night Shade, 'Anab al-tha'lab ya'ni moku.
    36. [no inscriptions].
    37. Mentha, mint, Pudina-ye velayati.
    38. Caripa Caranda, Karunda, the corinda.
    39. Coffee plant, [no Persian inscription].
    40. Lechea, Shakh-e derakht-e lichi, the lychee.
    41. [No inscriptions].
    42. No English, narangi velayati, Persian tangerine.
    43. No English, Shakh-e derakht-e gabha.
    44. Besunta/Argonian, besunta.
    45. Aloe, Ghikuwar.
    46. Dastura fastuosa, thorn apple, Dhatura
    47. Tradescantia, Ghivan qism-e digar.
    48. Ranunculus, crow's foot, Jil Pipil.
    49. No English, kharmurya.
    50. Trifolium, Bin Mithi, fenugreek.
    51. Trifolium, Mithi ma'a gol, fenugreek with flowers.
    52. 'I believe this a mediengo', Mithi qism digar, 'another type of fenugreek'.
    53. Illecebrum [?], Gindiri sag.
    54. Commelina, Gehuan.
    55. Plantaga, Bar-tang, the plantain.
    56. Nympha, water-lily, Purin 'urf kival kath.
    57. No English, Nag daun, asparagus.
    58. Cuphorbia [?], Guma.
    59. Aster, Lavangi, clove tree.
    60. No English, Baryar qism-e digar.
    61. English illegible, Sahajna ma'a gol, hyperanthera moringa.
    62. Colutea, Jit.
    63. Melia Azederach, Nib.
    64. Melia Azaderach, Bakayan, Persian Lilac.
    65. Cedrela, Ton, toon tree.
    66. Ficus Religiosa, Papal, Long Pepper.
    67. Ficus Benghalensis, bargad, Indian fig-tree.
    68. Ficus, Pakir.
    69. [illegible].
    70. English illegible, mahwa, bassia lotifolia.
    71. Nauclea, shakh qadam.
    72. Chiococca, banda.
    73. Mimosa, Babul.
    74. No English, shakh-e derakht-e babul dakani, the Deccan mimosa.
    75. No English, shakh-e derakht-e Sinkur babur.
    76. Mimosa, shakh-e derakht-e katha, terra japonica.
    77. Arundo, Bamboo, Bans.
    78. 'Susoo: the genus is not described in Linn.', Dalbugia, Shisham.
    79. No English, shakh-e derakht-e sankhu.
    80. Crateva, Bil, the wood-apple.
    81. Cassia Fistula, Amaltas, the Indian laburnum.
    82. No English, halila, terminalia chabula.
    83. Sapindus, soap nut tree, Ritha.
    84. No English, Bahira.
    85. No English, Ritha.
    86. Senecenphus [?], Shakh-e derakht-e bhlanva.
    87. No English, shakh-e derakht-e rasid.
    88. No English, Parr.
    89. English illegible, Bahira.
    90. Bombax, Sinbal, cotton.
    91. Gloriosa superba, Kuriali.
    92. Ixora, no Persian.
    93. Sudak, Sudak.
    94. Hedysarum magna, Akas.
    95. Capparis, Asar.
    96. No English, Hirfa rivri jangali.
    97. Phyllanthus, Hirfa rivri-ye digar, 'another kind of rivri'.
    98. Indecipherable note in English regarding the accuracy of the delineation, no Persian.
    99. Phyllanthus, Kuriyala jangali.
    100. Rhamnus, maku jangali, forest maku.
    101. Rhamnus, 'the Persian characters denote this is a species of muhocea[?], but it is evidently [...], Bun makuya qism-e seyum, the Cape gooseberry.
    102. No English, shakht-e derakht-e khaja.
    103. English illegible, Patyala.
    104. No English, shakht-e derakht-e sihura.
    105. No English, Mij-goli, lentil [?].
    106. No English, tilar.
    107. No English, Pilu.
    108. No English, Shakht-e derakht-e kuurunda.
    109. No English, Bun makuya qism-e digar.
    110. No English, Rin.
    111. [No inscription].
    112. No English, shakh-e derakht-e chajin.
    113. No English, 'ajuba.
    114. No English, Dakh, grape.
    115. No English, shakh-e derakht-e makluja.
    116. [No inscription].
    117. English illegible, Salis.
    118. No English, Shakht-e derakht-e haldua.
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